The Satanic Temple Apparently Believes In Copyright And Is Suing Netflix For $50 Million It Will Not Get

from the satanic-copyrights dept

So… the Satanic Temple is suing Netflix for $50 million for copyright infringement. Please insert your own joke here.

To be honest, you would kind of hope that the Satanic Temple would, you know, maybe have a bit more excitement when filing federal cases, but this case is just… dumb. I’m almost wondering if it’s just a sort of publicity stunt for both the Satanic Temple and the Netflix series Chilling Adventures of Sabrina. The crux of the complaint is that the show features a Baphomet statue that they feel is too similar to their own Baphomet statue (which the Temple tries to get erected in front of courthouses who want to post the 10 Commandments). If you’re thinking but isn’t Baphomet “a historical deity which has a complex history, having been associated with accusations of devil worship against the Knight Templar,” I’d agree with you and perhaps copy and paste that statement straight from the Satanic Temple’s complaint. But… wouldn’t that also likely mean that it had been around in a design form for many, many years, meaning most depictions are probably public domain? Yes, again. Hell, even the complaint itself explains this:

The classic visual representation of idea of Baphomet is an image created in or about 1856 by an occult historian Eliphas Levi (the ?1856 Baphomet?), which is notable for its use of a seated figure, with exposed large voluptuous female breasts, androgynous arms, a seeming male lower body and a Sabbatic Goat?s head. A copy of the historic Levi drawing of Baphomet is annexed as Exhibit E.

Yes, yes, I know you want to see Exhibit E, so here it is:

So, does the Temple’s Baphomet resemble that? Sure does. Here it is in another exhibit:

And let’s say it’s pretty clear that whoever designed the Baphomet statue in the Sabrina show was pretty clearly copying the Satanic Temple’s Baphomet. It’s the same thing:

But is it infringing? First off, how much of the Temple’s Baphomet is actually protectable? Not very much. The Temple notes that it made Baphomet’s chest to be a male chest, rather than a female chest (to prevent courthouses from blocking their requests on the grounds that an exposed female breast — on a mythical winged beast — might be deemed “obscene”). The Temple also notes it added the children to the sculpture, which at least is something different.

The lawsuit, filed by lawyer Bruce Lederman, is full of useful nuggets — many pointed out by Sarah Burstein. It opens up by saying that:

This case presents, among other things, a textbook example of the hornbook explanation of copyright protection that copyright law protects unique expressions, but not the ideas themselves.

Hornbook in legal terminology does tend to mean a settled legal principle, but it’s difficult to believe that the lawyers weren’t going for a bit of a pun here.

There’s a copyright claim, but beyond the question of what is even protectable here, Burstein highlights that the Satanic Temple doesn’t even really show that it has a valid copyright at all, since the sculpture was done on commission, and it’s not clear that the copyrights were properly transferred:

There’s also the fair use issue. This is a statue that happens to be seen in a TV show. While there do tend to be insurance companies and entertainment lawyers who demand that every possible thing seen on a screen must first be licensed, that’s not how copyright law actually works (or it would be impossible to film a ton of stuff).

On the trademark side, Burstein also questions whether or not there’s a valid trademark, while I’d question (if there even is a trademark) whether or not these are even competing in the same marketplace.

Also, on the trademark claim, the lawyers repeatedly talk about “forbidden dilution” (which feels vaguely Satanic, now that I think about it…), but that appears to be a weird misreading of &sect 115, which notes that false designations of origin, false descriptions and dilution ARE forbidden. Admittedly, the law does not have that “are” but it’s clearly implied by the title of the law which puts forbidden after the dilution, rather than before it in the lawsuit.

At the very least, Forbidden Dilution, is a fun band name for some trademark lawyers.

Anyway, let’s dig in a little more here:

Defendants have used the TST Baphomet with Children in ways that falsely designate its origin and are misleading and false to the extent that the Sabrina Series indicates, impliedly and expressly, that the TST Baphomet with Children is a symbol of evil, associated with forced-devil worship, cannibalism, and murder.

Man. The Satanic Temple is getting soft. (More specifically, what is the actually likelihood of confusion here? Even more specifically: come on, really?).

Among other things, TST designed and commissioned the TST Baphomet with Children to be a central part of its efforts to promote First Amendment values of separation of church and state and equal protection. Defendants? prominent use of this symbol as the central focal point of the school associated with evil, cannibalism and murder blurs and tarnishes the TST Baphomet with Children as a mark of TST.

I totally get and support the First Amendment principles behind the Satanic Temple’s attempt to get the statue installed as a creative form of protest against using the 10 Commandments at government buildings. But, it’s a funny way to say you support the 1st Amendment to use that as part of your argument against a TV show that has its own 1st Amendment protections.

Anyway, this case is unlikely to get very far and I’m not convinced it was intended to get very far. It’s certainly not leading to the Satanic Temple getting $50 million. But… it might lead more people to watch the Netflix show. So, from that perspective, this does feel just a wee bit like a devilish PR stunt, even if that’s not what it was intended to be.

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Companies: netflix, satanic temple

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Comments on “The Satanic Temple Apparently Believes In Copyright And Is Suing Netflix For $50 Million It Will Not Get”

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22 Comments
Stephen T. Stone (profile) says:

Re:

Replace “rights” with “privileges” and you have the Temple’s mission statement for its brand of social activism. The Baphomet statue is the best possible example: Whenever a Christian group—and only a Christian group—is provided public space for obviously religious displays, the Temple threatens to install the Baphomet statue and sue the local/state government on First Amendment grounds if the government refuses to allow the installation. The whole point of such activism is to protect the wall of separation between church and state—i.e., to ensure that the government does not give to a specific religion any right or privilege that other religions cannot exercise.

Anonymous Coward says:

Re: Re:

The Catholic Church was a bit too early to get a character copyright—even if the idea had existed back then, and they used all the mickey-mouse extensions they could, “God” would still have been in the public domain for over a millenium by now. Except perhaps in the UK, like with Peter Pan. Still, in terms of their desire for absolute control, just look to their history—they’ve gone way beyond any other group, even Disney.

Anonymous Coward says:

Honestly, being familiar with both the Satanic Temple and the new Sabrina series, I can absolutely see the problem with associating it with the Church of Night on the show. The Church is vile and evil, the Satanic temple is VERY NOTABLY not. And yes, of course there’s a chance of confusion, the characters on the show go around saying ‘praise Satan’ several times an episode and go to school with that statue of Baphomet and then sit down to literally caniballize one of their own. At one point Zelda kills and serves a young boy to Satan for dinner. Meanwhile, the actual Satanic Temple is a bunch of nice people fighting against religious overreach.

You need to remember that “the possibility of confusion” doesn’t necessarily mean savvy tech journalists like you, it means all the evangelical soccer moms in Indiana whose only exposure to the Satanic Temple might be via a brief headline here or there, and then seeing it in this show.

Anonymous Coward says:

an alternative theory

It’s also possible that the Satanic Temple offered their services to Netflix as consultants and were turned down. And hurt and offended, they retaliated with a lawsuit.

Anton LaVey, founder of the Church of Satan, a project he started in order to cash in on the popularity of the 1960s movie Rosemary’s Baby, used to claim that he was a consultant on the film, as well as playing the part of Satan, neither of which was true. (and in the pre-internet era, such claims were of course difficult to verify)

More recently, the ADL offered it’s services to Mel Gibson’s film “The Passion” and after being declined, launched an international campaign against the movie, claiming it was anti-Semitic, and as a result no Hollywood distribution company would dare touch it.

It’s a lesson often learned, that when some self-appointed “expert” organization offers its services as consultant to a film company, it’s often easier and cheaper to simply pay them off than snub them and risk retaliation.

stderric (profile) says:

Re: an alternative theory

It’s also possible that the Satanic Temple offered their services to Netflix as consultants and were turned down. And hurt and offended, they retaliated with a lawsuit.

It seems unlikely that a non-theistic group of political activists — who promote critical thinking and don’t believe in the supernatural — would offer their services to the makers of a fantasy-horror entertainment series.

Anton LaVey … used to claim that he was a consultant on [Rosemary’s Baby], as well as playing the part of Satan

Just an egotist lying for the sake of self promotion. I don’t think he ever sued anyone for calling him on it, did he?

the ADL offered it’s services to Mel Gibson’s film "The Passion" and after being declined, launched an international campaign against the movie, claiming it was anti-Semitic

I’m pretty sure the Anti-Defamation League thought "The Passion" had a weirdly modern anti-Semitic subtext to it and suggested changes. When Gibson rejected the changes, they brought their concerns to the public’s attention. Are you saying they only did that because he wouldn’t pay them as consultants?

JoeCool (profile) says:

Oh wait, you're serious

the Sabrina Series indicates, impliedly and expressly, that the TST Baphomet with Children is a symbol of evil, associated with forced-devil worship, cannibalism, and murder.

Okay, lemme see if I have this straight: Satanists are complaining that a TV show is making Satan look bad?

Okay, Bender, I’ll let you handle this one.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_n5E7feJHw0

Tanner Andrews (profile) says:

entertainment lawyers who demand that every possible thing

entertainment lawyers who demand that every possible thing seen on a screen must first be licensed, that’s not how copyright law actually works

Well, I could agree that it is not how copyright law is supposed to work. However, Ringgold v. Black Entertainment Television, 126 F.3d 70 (US 2d Cir. 1997). There. the court said that a total of 26 seconds of out-of-focus views of parts of a museum’s poster showing a quilt infringed on the copyright of the quilt producer.

The poster was visible in the background for a total of 26 seconds of a TV show. Trial court dismissed complaint, appeals court revived it.

Maaz Kalim says:

They’re doing a right thing!

Oh, c’mon… We know that we’ve been raised with the idea that Satan is a devilish creature who rebelled against Lord and always pursues evil from our beyond-indoctrinated guardians, elders and other surroundings but doesn’t mean that this pan-cultural idea is great.

Replace the words "Satanic Temple" with "Orthodox Judaism" or any other branch of world religions and face the music!

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