Another NSL Challenge Is Made Public; Court Decides Government Can Keep Gag Order In Place Indefinitely

from the new-law-means-challengers-can-be-told-'no'-more-frequently dept

Another National Security Letter issued by the government has made its way into the public domain. While it's still likely years away from the full exposure finally granted to Nicholas Merrill of Calyx Internet Access (after 11 years!), this one may not stay covered up for the next decade.

The Maryland District Court finds the gag order issued along with the NSL constitutional, but has problems with the lack of an expiration date. But it still defers to the government's best judgment as to when it will be "safe" to disclose the contents of the letter. The difference here is that the court has the USA Freedom Act to contend with, which slightly alters the acceptable amount of secrecy.

Respondent notified the FBI that it intended to file a petition to set aside the nondisclosure provision of the NSL. Respondent opined that the nondisclosure provision may no longer be needed. Respondent also invited the Government to initiate a judicial review proceeding in lieu of Respondent's filing a petition. The Government responded by initiating the instant proceeding.

Just prior to Respondent's filing of its opposition to the petition, the laws governing NSLs were amended via the USA FREEDOM Act of 2015, Pub. L. 114-23, 129 Stat. 268.1 Accordingly, the Court wiIl conduct its judicial review under the most recent version of the relevant statutes, specifically, sections 2709 and 3511 of Title 18, United States Code.
The unnamed respondent (redacted and under seal) claims the government hasn't met the burden of justifying the ongoing gag order -- an argument it has been forced to make without any knowledge of what the government has submitted (or withheld) to justify the continued secrecy. The court, however, has viewed material supporting the government's contentions and, no surprise, found in favor of national security.
There is reason to believe that disclosure ofthe information subject to the nondisclosure requirement during the applicable time period may result in a danger to the national security of the United States, interference with a criminal, counterterrorism, or counterintelligence investigation, interference with diplomatic relations, or danger to the life or physical safety of any person.
The problem is, the "applicable time period" is completely open-ended. Even with the added stipulations of the USA Freedom Act, the government can keep this gag order in place for the next several years, provided the government periodically asserts that "danger" of the national security type is still present.
At present, the nondisclosure requirement in this case has no ending date, and the Court's review of its continued viability falls within an interim period between the effective date of the USA FREEDOM Act of 2015, which directs the Attorney General to "adopt procedures with respect to nondisclosure requirements ... to require ... review at appropriate intervals ... and termination ... if the facts no longer support nondisclosure," and the anticipated but unknown date when the Attorney General will have actually promulgated such procedures. In the absence of those governing procedures, the Court will require the Government to review every 180 days the rationale for the nondisclosure requirement's continuation. Once the Attorney General's procedures are in place, then the nondisclosure requirement will be subject to review thereunder, and this Court's mandate of review every 180 days will no longer be in force.
So, the gag order will only be looked at every six months until the Attorney General takes over, at which point it will be reviewed at "appropriate intervals." Putting this into the hands of the Attorney General seems less likely to result in a ruling in favor of disclosure than leaving it up to a more impartial court. Even with this "fix" in place, there's very little reason to expect the gag order to be lifted any time soon.

As for the unnamed respondent's First Amendment arguments, the court says these alleged violations are outweighed by the government's need for secrecy in national security investigations. Furthermore, it's suggested the respondent should be happy the government has grudgingly allowed it to report nonspecific information on requests for subscriber data.
The methods or reporting established in §1874 -- with reporting allowed in "bands" of numbers and with restriction on the period of time for which a report may be issued -- are a reasonable accommodation of an ECSP's desire for transparency and the Government's compelling interest in national security.
There's no telling who the service provider is that's challenging the gag order. One of the few details that can be sussed out from the documents no longer under seal is that the NSL likely arrived in the first three months of this year. At this point, the service provider won't be able to have the decision reviewed until summer of next year and after that, it will be in the Attorney General's hands. The encouraging sign is that the Attorney General's office has already agreed to unseal certain documents in this case, rather than keep the entire discussion hidden from the general public. Granted, the documents do little more than confirm the government's belief that the gag order should remain in place -- without providing anything more than vague national security concerns to back up that assertion.






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  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 29 Dec 2015 @ 3:03pm

    It's difficult for me to preach morality since i'm not in that position, but there is potential benefit in civil disobedience if one is served with an NSL. If the truth is revealed and turns out to be outrageously invasive, I think it will get harder to justify locking people up for revealing it.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 29 Dec 2015 @ 7:40pm

      Re:

      ha ha ha... I really hate to sound like a jerk, but you try it.

      It takes a person that is willing to give up life for that because we all know YOUR or MY fellow man won't do shit for you! If you are not a protected class or filthy rich you are getting fucked sideways!

      You had better also planned and moved your money before had too because uncle sam will freeze your money with full backing from SCOTUS.

      We all have to understand... right now... you get the rights THEY 'DECIDE' TO LET YOU HAVE!

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 30 Dec 2015 @ 12:05am

      Response to: Anonymous Coward on Dec 29th, 2015 @ 3:03pm

      After you ...

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 29 Dec 2015 @ 3:24pm

    Pre-Snowden, NSL letters with gag orders and no explanation (that is, no attempt to "convince us that this is important") were pretty iffy.

    Post-Snowden, for me, it is a non-starter.

    There have been companies that refused to comply with an NSL in the past, and most often (at least by report), the agency dropped the issue. Of course, there's no real telling how often it went to secret court and the recipient caved ... and complied with the gag order.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 29 Dec 2015 @ 3:33pm

    Colour me shocked

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Nomad of Norad, 29 Dec 2015 @ 7:43pm

    NSLs need to be outlawed

    I wonder what it would take to totally outlaw these NSL gag-order things, and make the prohibition retroactive so that ALL existing gag-orders instantly become null and void.

    In the very least, there needs to be a law (maybe through a US Constitutional amendment) declaring absolutely that if the government DOES need to impose a gag order, that they MUST show a GENUINE need for one, meaning they MUST show the judge the ACTUAL classified information IN FULL, not just handwave it with a statement like "there's national security dangers involved," and the bar for it must be set VERY high (i.e there must be UNDENIABLE PROOF that thousands of people will DIE SOON if they don't put this gag order in place, it CANNOT be something like "our strategic position in the world will be damaged if this gets out") and that if a gag order IS then issued, the duration must be VERY short... basically days to WEEKS, never ever MONTHS, and with the law absolutely PROHIBITING indefinite, open-ended gag orders. In short, freedom of speech must ABSOLUTELY trump almost all other considerations. And if they CANNOT SHOW the major details of the matter, at all, yo the judge for why they "need" to gag the citizen or corporation from revealing the matter, then they should be ABSOLUTELY TURNED DOWN, PERIOD!

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    That One Guy (profile), 29 Dec 2015 @ 10:16pm

    Repeat after me judge: 'The government is not always right.'

    Orders compelling companies to do or not do certain things, without telling the company why, or allowing them to effectively challenge the orders or even talk about them...

    That such an idea was ever considered reasonable is a travesty, and that it continues to be allowed makes it even worse.

    For all the pathetic hand-wringing about 'national security', and how he must defend the 'rights' of the government to act in this manner, the judge sure doesn't seem to care about the rights of anyone but the government. Right to talk about the order binding you? Denied. Right to challenge the order binding you? Denied.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    Dave Cortright (profile), 30 Dec 2015 @ 2:45pm

    You know what's a bigger risk to national security?

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 1 Jan 2016 @ 3:27pm

    So, we've evolved as a species to not have to have our tongues cut......just conditioned beyond believe

    Luvley

    I have a theory that humanities greatest achievements in freedom, were quickly managed, subdued and controlled .......that would actually make the world we live in today make more sense

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    Tanner Andrews (profile), 9 Jan 2016 @ 10:46am

    Due Process May Be Missing

    Due process requires, at a minimum, notice and an opportunity to be heard. If the govt can present secret evidence to the judge without allowing review by the person to be gagged, then the person being gagged has no notice of what he is to respond to.

    Without notice, there can be no due process.

    A judge who goes along with such a procedure is a very poor judge, indeed, because his actions lead to disrespect for all the judiciary. The judicial system is expected to respect due process, indeed, process and procedure are its hallmarks. Discard these, and you are left with a political hack in a black robe with a sinecure.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]


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