Jeb Bush Claims That Creating Encryption Harms America

from the wanna-try-that-one-again? dept

Sometimes you have to wonder if the various political candidates are trying to lose the knowledgeable techie vote. Chris Christie has been strongly pro-surveillance, and it's not hard to guess where he would come down on the whole "backdooring encryption" debate. However, few of the other candidates have been directly asked about that -- though that may be changing. Jeb Bush has now stated that he's against encryption, because, apparently it harms America.

“If you create encryption, it makes it harder for the American government to do its job—while protecting civil liberties—to make sure that evildoers aren’t in our midst,” Bush said in South Carolina at an event sponsored by Americans for Peace, Prosperity, and Security, a group with close ties to military contractors.

Bush said “we need to find a new arrangement with Silicon Valley in this regard because I think this is a very dangerous kind of situation.”

This is, of course, mostly deeply wrong, while also partially right, but for the wrong reasons. First of all, if we want Americans to be safer we should be demanding more encryption, not less. It is a confused state of mind that, just as we keep hearing about more and more data being leaked and hacked into whether by individual malicious hackers or, potentially, nation states, thinks the "answer" to this is somehow less security, rather than more.

However, in a weird way, Bush is actually correct. In some instances, encryption actually does make the government's job harder. But that's a feature, not a bug. Bush should, perhaps, listen to his brother's former Homeland Security Secretary, Michael Chertoff who recently came out against backdooring encryption, noting:
... we do not historically organize our society to make it maximally easy for law enforcement, even with court orders, to get information. We often make trade-offs and we make it more difficult. If that were not the case then why wouldn’t the government simply say all of these [takes out phone] have to be configured so they’re constantly recording everything that we say and do and then when you get a court order it gets turned over and we wind up convicting ourselves. So I don’t think socially we do that.
This is an important point that Jeb Bush (and many folks in favor of backdooring encryption) don't seem to get.

Separately, from Bush's quote, it appears he's not even familiar with the details of the debate (not that this stops him from opining ignorantly about it). By saying that merely "making" encryption is bad for America, he's just wrong. The debate isn't about making encryption. It's about whether or not encryption should be (or, realistically, can be) compromised via some sort of backdoor. Experts have explained why this actually makes us all worse off, but it's rather disturbing that people like Jeb Bush have summarized the "we should backdoor encyrption" side of things as "we should be against encryption."

Filed Under: cybersecurity, encryption, going dark, jeb bush, privacy


Reader Comments

Subscribe: RSS

View by: Time | Thread


  • identicon
    Tom Czerniawski, 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:07am

    My god...

    This guy's a bigger cerebral cabbage than even Dubya.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      limbodog (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:14am

      Re: My god...

      I actually think he's the smarter of the two. But this is saying to Homeland Security guys "I'm on your side!"

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 8:04am

      Re: My god...

      Probably part of why the latest polls have him sinking down to single digits of support.

      It's almost like he's purposely trying to run a bad campaign with bad ideas.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:11am

    He's either ignorant or he's corrupt.

    Either way, he's lost any chance at a vote from me (not that he had one to begin with).

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:12am

    He actually said evildoers?

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      DannyB (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:22am

      Re:

      I think the Bush brothers learned the 'evildoers' phrase early in life when the freshly made cookies and the cookie jar were to be off limits unless permission had been given to have a cookie.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      John Fenderson (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:44am

      Re:

      I like the term "evildoers" because it seamlessly includes many government and corporate entities.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:14am

    Personally, when he says "If you create encryption" I can't help but wonder if he understands encryption is something that already exists in fairly widespread use, not some proposal that would need to be "created".

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:26am

    Did I read this correctly?

    “If you create encryption, it makes it harder for the American government to do its job—while protecting civil liberties—to make sure that evildoers aren’t in our midst"
    Is he saying that NOT having encryption is necessary for depending civil liberties?! If so this is a deeply Orwellian statement full of doublethink. Encryption allows you to positively assert your civil liberties beyond the passive protections of the law.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    David, 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:29am

    Wrong of course

    "If you create encryption, it makes it harder for the American government to do its job"

    The job description of the U.S. government is spelled out in the constitution. Breaking the Fourth Amendment is explicitly an automatic "Fail". It's the reason Nixon would have gotten impeached and removed from office if he hadn't resigned before that.

    In contrast to that, "to make sure that evildoers aren’t in our midst" is not in the Constitution. Which is not much of a surprise because the Constitution has been written for adults.

    Also the whole discussion of whether or not more or less encryption is making the U.S. safer or not is moot.

    The government has demonstrated beyond all doubt that it is neither willing nor able to keep its workers from violating the Constitution systematically and premeditatedly.

    In that situation, there is just no alternative for its populace to arm itself in sufficient degree against a power-hungry reckless government. Encryption is a purely defensive weapon, so it should be quite less controversial than the offensive weapons permitted by the 2nd amendment as a measure intended to keep the government sane.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      DannyB (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:37am

      Re: Wrong of course

      The government has demonstrated beyond all doubt that it is neither willing nor able to keep its workers from violating the Constitution systematically and premeditatedly.
      The government has demonstrated beyond all doubt that it is working hard to ensure its workers can violate the Constitution systematically and premeditatedly. And with impunity.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    DannyB (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:31am

    Which harms America more?

    Which harms America more? Which of the following things have larger negative effects on ordinary Americans' every day lives?
    * encryption
    * bank safes
    * the war on (some) drugs
    * militarized police
    * police brutality
    * concentrated control and ownership of major news media
    * corrupt politicians and corrupt government
    * corporate lobbying (eg bribery)
    * the great economic divide
    * Windows 10

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:55am

      Re: Which harms America more?

      Umm, wait. I think I should know this. I just need a second. Ummm. I think it should be donuts but I'm not sure. Is it like, being overweight or something, isn't that it? That's like, you know, harmful. Isn't it?

      Can I, like, can I phone a friend?

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Roc Rizzo, 20 Aug 2015 @ 8:41am

      Re: Which harms America more?

      In order of importance:
      1) legal bribery (corporate lobbying)
      2) Money in politics
      3) concentrated control/ownership of most mass media sources
      4) A corrupt SYSTEM (many politicians and government thought to be corrupt are merely following the laws that they create, so they are not corrupt, but the system is)
      5) Militarized/brutal police who go unchecked. (civilian review boards could combat this)
      6) Economic injustice (There is only one thing that trickles down, and it ain't money!)
      7) Unregulated neo-liberal capitalism.
      8) Lack of education.
      9) Lack of concern for our environment (There is no Plan(et) B)
      10) Android
      11) Windoze (whatever version of the day it is)
      12) OSX
      13) iOS
      14) Linux
      15) the internet of things
      16) "i" or "e" anything.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      Ninja (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 10:09am

      Re: Which harms America more?

      Humans?

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:34am

    "evildoers"?

    So it appears this guy would expect his foreign policy briefing in comic book form just like his brother.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      DannyB (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:39am

      Re: "evildoers"?

      What problem do you have with this?

      The figures can be drawn to make the evildoers obvious and easy to distinguish from the good guys*.


      * the rich, white, fat, old, crooked, hetrosexual males who run things

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      David, 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:42am

      Re: "evildoers"?

      Do you really for one moment think that he would want to be briefed? comic form or not, that would require understanding something. He'll just want to get handed the orders to sign. And let's hope he remembers the spelling of his name.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      RocRizzo, 20 Aug 2015 @ 8:43am

      Re: "evildoers"?

      Not comic book form, coloring book form.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:42am

    If it makes my sponsors (mil. contractors) happy, just give 'em what they want!
    It's either that or he's a bigger numbskull than his brother...I fear it's the last.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    MikeW_CA (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 7:55am

    Easy for him to say.

    I suppose Jeb Bush has servants to do his online shopping and accountants to do his banking for him.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 8:15am

    Some of these candidates remind me of that beauty queen pageant contestant who experienced difficulty spewing the rehearsed talking points she had been given.

    "some people out there in our nation don't have maps"

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 8:15am

    When Curtains Block Justice

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Baron von Robber, 20 Aug 2015 @ 8:19am

      Re: When Curtains Block Justice

      Oh poor detectives. You mean they need to do actual detective work?

      Who will think of the doughnuts?!

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • identicon
        Baron von Robber, 20 Aug 2015 @ 8:23am

        Re: Re: When Curtains Block Justice

        "When Curtains Block Justice" or also known as
        "When Detectives Whine That They Can't Be Lazy or Fuck Your Privacy"

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 8:18am

    'Jeb Bush Claims That Creating Encryption Harms America'

    if that's the case, why does America insist on having everything encrypted except what ordinary people do, say, read, and write? they have a right to privacy and freedom of speech etc, and the American Government is doing what it can to destroy that!

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    ThatFatMan (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 8:26am

    They want it both ways.

    Of course our government wants us to believe that strong encryption would be devastating to life. They can't protect us from terrorists, other nations or ourselves without it.

    But, they don't want it to apply to them either. They wouldn't stop using encryption or give other countries a back door so that they can spy on America. Imagine the laughter if a Russian Diplomat stopped by and said, do you mind building us a back door to your military encryption, we promise not to use it very much and only with a warrant, it'll be completely safe. Even though it's essentially the same line of bullshit they try to cram down our throats, they wouldn't give in to the demand either, so why should we?

    Maybe, if they wanted to have a real conversation, they could explain why it's vital for them to have encryption for the things THEY don't want others to know, but I am supposed to give up my right to keep things confidential from the spying eyes of other countries, or even my own. But they cant do that, because it will never fit in with their narrative of having to have control over everyone and everything while they enjoy the same privileges we are supposed to give up.

    So, when they are ready and willing to put their money where their mouths are, and give up encryption too, I'll be ready and willing to side with them and support the anti-encryption cause for the good of kidnapped children everywhere.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 8:34am

    Just imagine...

    Try and sit for a while and imagine a world in which everything was sent and stored in plain text. If encryption was outlawed tomorrow, how fast would the world collapse? A week?
    People who are trying to be, or are, in charge are proudly ignorant of all this "geek stuff" like email, files, encryption and such. They spew out stuff in the media for all to see and hear, that they NEVER uses any email or don't know how to operate a computer with something akin to glee. All the while ignoring the simple truth that IT should be very high on the knowledge front because it is quite seriously holding the world together.
    They drag on and on about the threat of terror, while if it were up to them, they could ruin all of society in a day.
    How proud we can be of them. Good job guys!

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 8:34am

    Mom should have swallowed, Is this whole family completely insane and stupid? What the fuck is the IQ required to run for president, 2?

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 8:39am

    The Bush dynasty definitely knows what harms America, considering they're the experts in that department.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    Sheogorath (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 8:47am

    Googling Jeb Bush, I found out that he's the younger brother of the previous President of the United States. Why doesn't that surprise me? The only thing that could cause me greater surprise (and not much at that) is if it was discovered that Jeb was actually his mother's lovechild by an underage George Dubya (five is possible with precocious puberty).

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    connermac725 (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 9:01am

    Foreign Threats

    "the true threat to freedom will come in the guise of a foreign threat"
    Thomas Jefferson

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    Uriel-238 (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 9:12am

    "—while protecting civil liberties—"

    What a reassuring afterthought!

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    Berenerd (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 9:30am

    Yes, encryption is a horrible idea. I mean, how else can I get into all the files at the pentagon? Remove encryption on government files and I will happily remove encryption of my files.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    FM Hilton, 20 Aug 2015 @ 9:32am

    No encryption is bad

    I wonder if Jeb Bush actually reads the papers once in a while...because if he had, he'd have read where hackers got a shit-ton of data from the IRS, the government's personnel agency, and a few other places...all of which seems to have been not encrypted.

    I bet some of those people affected would rather have the inconvenience of it than the sure knowledge that their personal stuff is in the hands of real 'evil-doers', who laugh at our feeble attempts to stop them.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    tqk (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 9:40am

    Aii, yi yi!

    "If you create encryption, it makes it harder for the American government to do its job—while protecting civil liberties—to make sure that evildoers aren’t in our midst," ...

    Bush said "we need to find a new arrangement with Silicon Valley in this regard because I think this is a very dangerous kind of situation."

    This is, of course, mostly deeply wrong, while also partially right, but for the wrong reasons.

    I believe you're giving him far too much credit here. He obviously (to me, at least) hasn't any clue whatsoever what he's talking about. He's just (poorly it seems; can't even do this right) spouting talking points his handlers have told him to say. There is no evidence of actual comprehension of the ideas he's being told to say.

    This is starting to explain a lot for me; how their father managed to head the CIA (a horribly disfunctional agency populated by kindergartner crack addict intellects), then get elected president, then freak out when the USSR threatened to collapse, then when The Shrub took the presidency, then in spite of all that Jeb somehow manages to look like a viable candidate for the presidency.

    The US is nuts, and that family is missing some chromosomes, and it's showing more and more as you go further forward. If Jeb has any children, they might be happier in the primate exhibit at the Zoo. Sorry kids, you was robbed!

    On the bright side, we don't need to care about Global Warming anymore. The US' electoral system is well on its way to destroying the world, likely in our lifetime.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    mcinsand, 20 Aug 2015 @ 9:44am

    '...while protecting civil liberties...'

    Privacy is a civil liberty and it is not possible without encryption. Encryption, especially in this digital age, is necessary for us to maintain safety, to make sure that 'evildoers' have a harder time knowing when we will be where. From what I can see, the political left and right are scarily agreeing to more and more and, if they were to call a constitutional convention, imagining wiping away the 4th amendment isn't too difficult in today's climate. We'd have Graham and Feinstein holding hands as our protections from an overlord government disappear.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 9:57am

    Lost my vote

    I am 100% certian I'm not voting for Jeb Bush based on that single comment.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      Ninja (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 10:15am

      Re: Lost my vote

      Well, you can choose from a quite awesome array of candidates:

      - Crazy ass, filthy rich, racist
      - Crazy ass, rich, somewhat racist, fries bacon in his guns
      - Crazy ass, rich, uses gmail or something for Govt issues, has issues with Monicas
      - Crazy ass, rich, ignorant, at least likes latinos
      - Etc

      All of them come with handy surveillance state and totalitarianism extras for your despair.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 10:44am

    Son of a spy, brother of a spy

    You were expecting something other than a spy?

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Another Anonymous, 20 Aug 2015 @ 11:18am

    A Charitable Interpretation of Bush's Reasoning


    , but it's rather disturbing that people like Jeb Bush have summarized the "we should backdoor encyrption" side of things as "we should be against encryption."

    It's theoretically possible that he realizes that any backdoor makes encryption mostly futile.

    Rather than see people entrust their personal affairs to sabotaged encryption, he could instead be against any encryption being further developed.

    Therefore, saying "we should backdoor encryption" can be reduced to "we should be against encryption." This assumes we all already agree with the first statement.

    See, with enough contortions, it is possible to make even a confused politician's statement make some sense.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Personanongrata, 20 Aug 2015 @ 11:23am

    Asspincter Says What?

    Jeb Bush is a bought and paid for know-nothing idiot.


    Snowden and Manning 2016

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      tqk (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 2:11pm

      Re: Asspincter Says What?

      Snowden and Manning 2016

      You should be careful with that. Manning's convicted and Snowden's accused of treason. You could be accused of aiding and giving comfort to foreign enemies. And, now you've written it you're recorded in the NSA's database.

      Argentina has few if any immigration laws, fwiw.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 21 Aug 2015 @ 11:09am

      Re: Asspincter Says What?

      Snowden/Manning probably COULD get on a state ballet, if you consider how many signatures went on the clemency petition at whitehouse.gov.

      How beautiful an act of protest that would be. Hell, it isn't like they don't have the free time.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    TDR, 20 Aug 2015 @ 11:25am

    Candidate lineup

    The Presidential candidate lineup looks like it could be the cast from "Dumb and Dumber 3: Dumb & Dumbererer." And Jebbie seems one of the worst. The last thing we need is another Bush in any kind of political office.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Digitari, 20 Aug 2015 @ 1:07pm

    USG doesn't need encryption...

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Digitari, 20 Aug 2015 @ 1:07pm

    USG doesn't need encryption...

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Digitari, 20 Aug 2015 @ 1:10pm

    USG doesn't need encryption...

    (oops cat stepped on the keyboard, 2nd try)

    It already HAS classification, why encrypt corruption when you can just classify it as "confidential", "secret" or "top secret" that way if you DO find it you STILL go to jail...

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Guardian, 20 Aug 2015 @ 1:43pm

    this is really gonna hurt then

    sdkjfhdskjfhdskjfhdskjfhsdjf7655454hegawhja4jus76634hjashd

    man that must be painful

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Mark Wing, 20 Aug 2015 @ 3:59pm

    But he said "while protecting civil liberties" so clearly he's all about that. He just wants to break all forms of secure communication, such as online banking, so he can help protect our civil liberties. Give the guy a chance.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    Coyne Tibbets (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 5:38pm

    FTFY

    [...] it appears he's [Bush is] not even familiar with the details of any debate [...]

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Aug 2015 @ 8:09pm

    Every time I hear that another Bush is running for office I cringe. I also cringe when I hear another Clinton is running for office.

    Give another blood line a chance to wear the crown.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      Sheogorath (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 9:29pm

      Re:

      The US did, and now people are bitching about Barack Obama and claiming he's not American. They're lucky, Mel Gibson is eligible to run for president. *shudders*

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • identicon
        David, 20 Aug 2015 @ 10:45pm

        Re: Re:

        Well, so far there has been no American blood running in the veins of a U.S. presidents. All Europeans before Obama.

        I think that American blood would still be too audacious.

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

        • icon
          Uriel-238 (profile), 20 Aug 2015 @ 11:20pm

          An American Indian president.

          Actually I'd like to see that.

          Right now I'd settle for someone who wasn't in the pocket of blue-chip corporations.

          reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

        • icon
          tqk (profile), 21 Aug 2015 @ 6:29am

          Re: Re: Re:

          Well, so far there has been no American blood running in the veins of a U.S. presidents. All Europeans before Obama.

          If you're going to claim they're not American, then they're not European either. They're all African. Lets all meet back at Olduvai Gorge for a class reunion, and strand all the racists there when we go back home. They can try again.

          reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

        • icon
          John Fenderson (profile), 21 Aug 2015 @ 8:13am

          Re: Re: Re:

          What does this even mean? What is "American blood" and why is its presence or absence an issue?

          Last I checked, the closest requirement for being President is that you are a natural born citizen. Ancestry is irrelevant.

          reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

          • icon
            nasch (profile), 21 Aug 2015 @ 8:18am

            Re: Re: Re: Re:

            What is "American blood" and why is its presence or absence an issue?

            For the first question, he means Native American. For the second, I don't know, though it would be very interesting to have a high profile Native American candidate for President. tqk's response was right on though: "If you're going to claim they're not American, then they're not European either."

            reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • icon
        nasch (profile), 21 Aug 2015 @ 10:43am

        Re: Re:

        They're lucky, Mel Gibson is eligible to run for president. *shudders*

        Isn't he Australian? You have to be a natural-born US citizen to be President.

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 21 Aug 2015 @ 3:43pm

    Guys, please don't vote in another Bush.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 23 Aug 2015 @ 9:35am

    "“If you create encryption, it makes it harder for the American government to do its job—while protecting civil liberties...""


    How do you say this without breaking into laughter, eat a shit sandwich first?

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]


Add Your Comment

Have a Techdirt Account? Sign in now. Want one? Register here



Subscribe to the Techdirt Daily newsletter




Comment Options:

  • Use markdown. Use plain text.
  • Remember name/email/url (set a cookie)

Close

Add A Reply

Have a Techdirt Account? Sign in now. Want one? Register here



Subscribe to the Techdirt Daily newsletter




Comment Options:

  • Use markdown. Use plain text.
  • Remember name/email/url (set a cookie)

Follow Techdirt
Techdirt Gear
Show Now: Takedown
Advertisement
Report this ad  |  Hide Techdirt ads
Essential Reading
Techdirt Deals
Report this ad  |  Hide Techdirt ads
Techdirt Insider Chat
Advertisement
Report this ad  |  Hide Techdirt ads
Recent Stories
Advertisement
Report this ad  |  Hide Techdirt ads

Close

Email This

This feature is only available to registered users. Register or sign in to use it.