How To Help Malaria Sufferers Without Using Patents: Crowdsourcing Diagnosis

from the working-together dept

A little while back we wrote about Nathan Myhrvold’s sniffy comment that if you’re not doing anything to help people suffering from malaria, you have no right to criticize his patent troll operation, Intellectual Ventures. As we also noted, this argument is rather undermined by the fact that his research involves such deeply impractical solutions as “photonic fences” and using magnets to make mosquitoes explode.

If lives are to be saved here and now, and not in some patent-encumbered fantasy world tomorrow, what we need is a rather different approach that works with resources that are available and cheap today. Perhaps a crowdsourced solution like this:

Background: There are 600,000 new malaria cases daily worldwide. The gold standard for estimating the parasite burden and the corresponding severity of the disease consists in manually counting the number of parasites in blood smears through a microscope, a process that can take more than 20 minutes of an expert microscopist’s time.

Objective: This research tests the feasibility of a crowdsourced approach to malaria image analysis. In particular, we investigated whether anonymous volunteers with no prior experience would be able to count malaria parasites in digitized images of thick blood smears by playing a Web-based game.

Digitized blood sample images were placed on a Web site, and then people were invited to count the parasites in each. A special algorithm was used to combine the analyses from several visitors to produce a better collective detection rate. It seems to work:

Results: Over 1 month, anonymous players from 95 countries played more than 12,000 games and generated a database of more than 270,000 clicks on the test images. Results revealed that combining 22 games from nonexpert players achieved a parasite counting accuracy higher than 99%. This performance could be obtained also by combining 13 games from players trained for 1 minute.

That’s pretty impressive. And unlike bonkers ideas such as “photonic fences”, this crowdsourced approach requires little beyond bandwidth for distributing images and enough people participating. Putting the two together potentially allows huge numbers of blood samples to be checked for the presence of malaria infection with high accuracy once the system has been refined to include additional factors like parasite species and growth stages. That makes this approach scalable — crucially important when there are over half a million new cases of malaria each year. The same can hardly said about using magnets to make mosquitoes explode.

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Comments on “How To Help Malaria Sufferers Without Using Patents: Crowdsourcing Diagnosis”

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ldne says:

Re: Can't a computer do this?

Not necessarily, the reason for the use of captcha on many websites is because humans are still far better at that type of task than a computer. Also, think of the development and implementation costs, simple web games are cheap and easy to make, bandwidth is also cheap, and you have free labor that is supplying most of the hardware, their own PC.

Gwiz (profile) says:

Re: Re: Numbers Discrepancy

Actually AC has a point. The numbers are similar but the time frames are different. One says “daily” and the other says “each year”.

These stats from WHO claim over 200 million cases worldwide in 2010 with an estimated 655,000 deaths.

Anonymous Coward says:

Instead of Patents

Where is the Crowdsource funding or Prize Money model for a solution (inoculation or cure) for something that is so widespread?

Those calling for their taxes to be raised (Warren Buffet, George Soros and their ilk: should instead create a Billionaire Prize Club for non-patented cures to malaria, HIV, etc.

If Buffett is so insistent that he has too much money (he is stealing Oregon state taxes via PGE:, he should at least be more philanthropic with his ill gotten gains. What a douche?

Anonymous Coward says:

Re: Instead of Patents

“What a douche?”
– You only need look in a mirror, there will a huge one.

“If Buffett is so insistent that he has too much money”
– I don’t recall him ever saying that

“he should at least be more philanthropic”
– Perhaps you should research a topic prior to commenting

Anonymous Coward says:

Re: Re: Instead of Patents

Set up a Prize Foundation to help the people prevent/cure diseases.

What a FU defending a Billionaire who owes back taxes?search Buffett+taxes
?Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway Owes Taxes Going Back To 2002?
?US Government Countersues Warren Buffett Company Over Unpaid Taxes?

To avoid the raised taxes next year:
?Berkshire Hathaway buys $1.2 billion of its own shares at a price higher than what CEO Warren Buffett has said he’d pay.?

Why has Buffett setup 90%+ of his estate to go to charity and not the govt?
He wants to prevent the Govt from taking what is his.

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