Does It Make Sense For Governments To Make Their Content Creative Commons… Or Fully Public Domain?
from the they're-not-the-same dept
One of the few good things that the US government has done on the copyright front was the decision decades back that nearly all works produced by the federal government automatically go into the public domain, and don’t receive any form of copyright protection. This makes perfect sense, considering the whole point of copyright law is supposed to be to encourage learning and progress, and to create incentives for that to occur. When it comes to government information, there is no such incentive necessary. I still find it odd that other countries haven’t followed suit. Many countries — especially British Commonwealth countries — have a special form of copyright for government documents, called Crown Copyright. At times, such Crown Copyright rules have been used to censor dissent.
So, it’s certainly nice to hear, via James Firth, that the UK Parliament may consider moving away from relying on Crown Copyright on the works it produces. Apparently, at a discussion concerning the “digital agenda” and making information more open, the Director of Programmes and Development at Parliamentary ICT, Richard Ware, suggested that copyright didn’t make sense for Parliamentary content:
“We’re not looking to make any kind of return from this content. For us it’s more important to open up the information and see what people can do with it.”
Now, that’s sort of a vague statement, but it at least indicates the direction that they’re looking in. What struck me as interesting is that Firth took this statement to mean that Parliament is looking at using Creative Commons for its content. To be honest, it’s not clear to me from the coverage of what Ware said that he was, in fact, discussing Creative Commons or some alternative solution. Firth has a nice discussion about the different CC licenses and which might make most sense for Parliament, but I wonder why it doesn’t just make sense to go fully public domain on such material.
As much as I like and respect Creative Commons, it does seem that, all too often, people think either that Creative Commons is the public domain or that it’s a replacement for the public domain. While CC has introduced a public domain license, I think it’s important not to confuse the two. And, while CC licenses certainly make sense for different creators in different arenas, I would worry that for government-produced works, it would just create confusion, as many people seem to assume all CC licenses say things that many do not.
So I’m curious: is there any reason for a government to make its works covered by Creative Commons? Or should they just go public domain? Or, since we want all bases covered, can someone explain why governments should retain some form of copyright on their works?