The growing use of provisional application clauses in treaties is a consequence of the need felt to give effect to treaty obligations prior to a state’s formal ratification of / accession to a treaty.
The vast majority of CETA’s provisions will be provisionally applied before the member states ratify it.
If Canada or the EU decides not to ratify CETA, they're still bound by it for further three years. The member states - that is, the taxpayers - can still be sued if they pass or enforce any law that harms investors, from the time of signing to the time of deciding not to ratify, plus three years after.
If they ratify but later withdraw from the treaty, they're bound for a further 20 years.
On the other hand the Investment Court System provisions will not be provisionally applied. They won't come into force unless CETA is ratified by member states. (Yes, that somewhat contradicts the above. It's not pretty.)
In that same nine year period when 4,265 citizens were killed in Chicago, there were almost 30 times as many citizens killed in Iraq. Last year, there were 459 murders in Chicago. In Iraq, there were more than 17,000. Last weekend in Chicago, there were seven murders. In Iraq, there were 103. And Iraq's murders have been doubling year to year, unlike Chicago's murder rate that has been cut in half since 1991.
I know a senior in a retirement home whose ISP forwarded copyright threats to him one night under Canada's Notice on Notice scheme. (He had never heard of BitTorrent, let alone The Shannara Chronicles.)
Under American rules, that one-time overnight burst of a dozen or copyright notices all at once, would probably have made him a "repeat offender."
I've seen comments in the media to the effect that Trump’s plan to privatize infrastructure development through the use of tax credits wouldn't help in the Oroville case. Armoring the Oroville Dam’s emergency spillway wouldn't lead to profit, so it wouldn't attract investors.
However the key point is whether there are specific instructions valid for all time
Those similar Biblical directives also don't come with an expiry date.
come from someone who prioritises the messages in the sermon on the mount.
One can cherry-pick non-xenophobic passages from the Koran just like you do from the Bible. The problem with BOTH religions is the many cherry-pick differently.
Even the Nazis had military chaplains to assure the troops that they were doing the right thing and could be proud of their work. Nazi soldiers had the words "Gott mit uns" (God with us) on their belt buckles.
I don't understand how anyone whose behaviour blatantly contradicts those messages could be called a Christian at all - let alone a radical one.
Likewise many Islamic scholars say the same thing about the same behavior among those who call themselves Muslim.
Americans are more approving of terrorist attacks against civilians than any major Muslim country except for Nigeria.
The survey, conducted in December 2006 by the University of Maryland's prestigious Program on International Public Attitudes, shows that only 46 percent of Americans think that "bombing and other attacks intentionally aimed at civilians" are "never justified," while 24 percent believe these attacks are "often or sometimes justified."
Contrast those numbers with 2006 polling results from the world's most-populous Muslim countries – Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nigeria. Terror Free Tomorrow, the organization I lead, found that 74 percent of respondents in Indonesia agreed that terrorist attacks are "never justified"; in Pakistan, that figure was 86 percent; in Bangladesh, 81 percent.
Unfortunately it has a lot to do with DRM. Manufacturers can add DRM - even easy to break DRM - to a device, just to make it illegal to repair.
This has been done to stop third-party consumables like inkjet cartridges and coffee maker pods. It can be done for planned obsolescence to guarantee future sales of future models. It can be done to keep your repair shops producing revenue.
But there are multiple sources of news on TV, the Internet, and Newspaper over the past few years about Europe in general and migration crisis.
While almost every country in the western hemisphere has birthright citizenship, until recently European countries did not. France brought in a lot of workers from it's holdings in Africa as workers. Soon they had kids, and then grand-kids. None of whom had citizenship. They weren't allowed to assimilate. They grew up knowing that they weren't even second class citizens. So ghettos formed and riots started.
We don't have that problem in North America. The kids born here automatically become citizens. They're allowed to assimilate. Even keeping their language and culture, they're first-class citizens.