I think what is more important is that a subscription to a streaming site almost negates any reason to buy a record or song. So if the listener is not going to buy it because of the streaming site, then the low royalty rate they pay adds insult to injury.
I believe we are in agreement that the price of a CD was inflated and artificially high, and the collapse was over due. The unsustainable royalty rates for streaming comes when an artist realizes,(like Taylor Swift) " wait with the royalty rates streaming services are paying, they are essentially giving my music away for free and destroying my album sales which, in this day and age is hard enough as it is. The move by Spotify to work counter to her efforts selling her new record made her pulling her catalog the only logical end result.
Interesting you would site the number of spins Taylor Swift was receiving before she released her record, that is the point. She pulled her catalog because she asked not to have her entire record on the free version of the site during the record's initial release and Spotify said no. So she pulled her music from the site entirely. This move aided in her in having the best first week sales figures for a record since 2002. Let us not lose sight of the initial purpose of all radio, promote and sell records. If people aren't buying records (which many streaming services subscribers don't) then wouldn't an artist want the streaming service to pay more?
For 1,159,000 spins, Pandora paid a total of about $1,370.[http://theunderstatement.com/post/53867665082/pandora-pays-far-more-than-16-dollars] Streaming services pay less then other forms of radio even with the performance royalty and the statement "They'd already convinced Congress to force internet streaming sites to pay compulsory performance royalties (at insanely high rates),"Just shows the author's inherent bias. Other countries pay performance royalties. Is there some reason the U.S. should not? These are the "insanely high" performance rates for the 3 different webcaster types:
Broadcasters Per Performance Royalties
2011 – $.0017 per performance 2012 – $.0020 per performance 2013 – $.0022 per performance 2014 – $.0023 per performance 2015 – $.0025 per performance
Statutory Webcasting Per Performance Royalty Rates
2011 – $.0019 per performance 2012 – $.0021 per performance 2013 – $.0021 per performance 2014 – $.0023 per performance 2015 – $.0023 per performance
Pureplay Webcasters Per Performance Royalty Rates
2011 – $.00102 per performance 2012 – $.00110 per performance 2013 – $.00120 per performance 2014 – $.00130 per performance 2015 – $.00140 per performance
The amount streaming services pay is well documented as unsustainable and many artist will continue to pull their catalogs in Taylor Swift fashion if they don't increase. It is interesting to imply that content is asking too much without exploring whether streaming services are paying too little.
Though I often disagree with author on many things copyright, his analysis here is spot on. This was a waste of a lot of time and money when the underlying issue had previously been decided. The same rationale applied to hair care products purchased abroad and textbooks printed for foreign markets has resulted in the same outcome.
I'd say 1.287 million first week sales. I applaud the move. If they aren't going to pay realistic royalty rates, other artist will follow. "I'm not wiling to contribute my life's work to an experiment that I don't feel fairly compensates the writers, producers, artists, and creators of this music," Swift told Yahoo! this week. "And I just don't agree with perpetuating the perception that music has no value and should be free." A fraction of a cent per play is not sustainable and does not compensate the artist. Saying they (Spotify) pay most of their money to artist while refusing to generate more income(ads, just like terrestrial radio) on a free service is misleading at best. It also highlights the flaw in the business model.
I always felt the argument against the hopper was weak. The hopper in function seems like an automated programmable digital VCR and the courts decided the non-infringing validity of the technology years ago.
I agree with much of the authors analysis. What I found most disturbing about the original ruling was percentage analysis used by the judge to come to a fair use determination. A percentage to determination is not in the copyright statute and I felt was judicial activism in the extreme.
"it's another win for transformative creations, even if it's one that is skewed to statutory factors rather than the concept of fair use itself."
Fair Use is defined by statute under U.S. law. The decision should be skewed to statutory factors. To use an arbitrary concept of fair use (in that each has there own definition if the statute were not used) would not instill predictability in the courts. However, the comments about where the image was appropriated sound like someones personal feelings and is definitely not in the statute. Nor does the new work having commercial value bar a fair use defense.
Sorry folks. "Whatever" is totally right on all counts and most still are missing the point. A recording is the preservation of a performance. The argument is, no one performs anything exactly the same and therefore that performance is unique and can be copyrighted. Anyone can sing a song but no two people will sing it exactly the same way. Perhaps if many of you view a sample as using someone's unique performance it might make more sense that you would compensate someone for using a recording of their unique performance.
" where the contention enters the picture is what happens when the artist(or more often their label) doesn't feel like they are being 'monetarily rewarded' enough, and decide to break out the lawyers/laws to 'fix' it."
I am not sure what being monetarily rewarded enough means. Lawyers get involved when someone breaks the law. I have not heard often "that business is getting paid 'enough' so I will break the law and acquire their product." A label is nothing more than a business that sells music. The monetary liability for breaking said law can be quite excessive and I believe should be adjusted. However,generally businesses exist to provide a service or sell a product in order to turn a profit, so it is only logical they would take action when something interferes with that.
I think the underlying issue Bono is addressing is, obviously, piracy. In that regard, I agree. The value of the artist in society is that they create art with intrinsic qualities that differentiate it from the creation of another. So much so that people desire to experience it and realize they themselves have neither the time nor talent to make this creation. To the artist maybe the art is spiritual or cathartic in nature. I believe we should monetarily reward the artist if we enjoy their art and to foster the creation of more art. If you truly enjoy an artist support them. Some approach art is if the artist is only "hocking their wares." However, many artist spend hours and years practicing their art and that has, in my eyes, a monetary value that society tends to devalue, especially in this digital age.
"YouTube is a major resource for video sharing in this country and it is wrong for YouTube to censor a video that has public value and news value."
No it is not. Youtube is a private entity, a company whose purpose is to make $$. They are not a government actor and have no duty to attempt to be one. They can refuse to host whatever they like. If the argument is they should lose ad revenue to play videos counter to their content policy because they have public or news value, I'm sure youtube would tell you go start up your own video hosting channel and stop trying to dictate their content. In addition, they might exclaim "we are trying to run a business here."
"It really doesn't matter how much YOU value your work, what really matters how much your customer is willing to pay for it."
Here is the crux of the issue. How much is the customer willing to pay for it by LEGAL means. I think to gloss over that the behavior as ILLEGAL is not intellectually honest and places the behavior in some neutral category. An article asking if what the guy did( break the law multiple times )is punished too severely based on morality? just the same as asking the question if infringement is morally wrong. Is that how we evaluate crime and punishment? No. My whole line of reasoning was to show we obey many laws that do not have a moral connection. In addition I outlined most people pay for intellectual goods. They don't have debates on how netflix or having cable effects the public domain.
"If that number happens to be zero for infinitely reproducible items, so be it."
Not if The number Zero is achieved by illegal activity. I am not bemoaning anything, especially not a price point conditioned by someone breaking the law. Why should anyone have to compete against someone breaking the law. Is that fair? Should we discuss in terms of equity or legality or morals? A justification for why they are breaking the law is a justification for ILLEGAL activity.
"If you really wanted to begin to restore my respect of copyright, you could start by lowering copyright length to reasonable time frames."
I totally agree but I am not willing to throw out the entire construct. I see it having way too many, real world commercial benefits to do so. Again, my ideas are not to persuade you to obey the law, like the law, agree with the law or be pro copyright. I before gave the caveat I express views of how the law operates now and how I deal with it on behalf of creators wishing to financially gain from their creations. I don't think obeying only the laws we like is how it's supposed to go. We all can agree that intellectual property isn't really property....that isn't really important to me. and it's not really that important to me whether you call copyright infringement "stealing" because I have already separated morality the argument. It's just breaking the law.
"Are you mixing up value and price? Because if they thought it had no value, why would they even click on it?"
We live in a capitalist so let us assume that they are related. I will leave it to you to give me examples. In a capitalist society, items of value generally have a cost associated with them.( and please don't give me examples of sunsets and kind words are things that are valuable, or a lover's touch, YOU KNOW what I mean :)
"Technology does not make ideas or expression any less valuable but many would make that argument.
Do you really see people arguing this? Because I don't recall ever hearing anyone say that."
If you get works for free isn't that what you are saying? The justification for pirating is that they are not loosing any money because it's just a digital copy that costs nothing. That is the justification, that is the argument.
"Creators have never been entitled to monetary gain."
Nope but under the law they are entitled to a fair shake at doing so. The person in this case was selling someone else's product for his own profit. Doesn't sound like they were getting a fair shake to me. Please understand, the views I express are not how I think things should be, these are the laws on the books. I see them as the means business is conducted on an everyday basis in the realm of media.