I get the part about exceptions being bad. And it's extremely important. Super important.
The idea is if the government is allowed to keep things from us, and we aren't allowed to view their data, then there is literally no oversight (and don't give me 'Congress' as an answer..)
The point gets confused, but we need is transparency of the Government. Not transparency of our neighbors and selves. However, a conflict occurs when the government starts collecting lots of data on us.
Unfortunately, this is almost totally moot anyway. The government hides everything it does behind a shield of national security, and precious few seem to care. (That gives me an idea... all they have to do is declare gun registrations 'classified' and this particular problem goes away.)
(If you hadn't guessed, I am in agreement with those above saying they shouldn't be gathering info on citizens...)
If things weren't so friggin screwed up, the answer would be easy - trust the company, and if they do wrong then it's the government's job to pound on them.
Unfortunately, here in the real world, I don't know the best answer.
However, if we are talking proper encryption here, then it's not handing the keys over to anyone - it's letting me have the keys, Google providing a place to store things that even they can't access, and the govt can go sit in a corner and cry about it.
We aren't anywhere near the stage of being able to print a whole phone. Or even the different parts.
We aren't in Diamond Age yet.
At the moment, home 3d printers deal in plastics. And mainly ones that are good at melting, but not great in other ways.
It's also not exactly free to make stuff - just like the ink in your regular printer isn't free. Economies of scale would indicate that depending on complexity of the part, making your own 'pirated' copy could cost you more than buying an official item.
And say we do get to Diamond Age levels, where you have machines creating different molecules on the fly and assembling things from the molecular level (which is what you need to make working electronics in a "printer")
I have a hunch things would be so different in that future that this pirating discussion would be irrelevant.
"A government forced to cover all it's citizens however can't just arbitrary cover healthy citizens bills and not unhealthy citizens, they'd have to do something indirect to effect your behavior to reduce their expenses, like put a 10 cent tax on greasy burgers to make people eat something cheaper and healthier."
Or make large sodas illegal! That's just crazy! It's a good thing we can trust that government won't ever be able to do stuff like that...
Also, you don't HAVE to buy insurance (yet).
Don't get me wrong - I think insurance companies are right behind banks when it comes to bad entities. But both of them are far, far behind the govt. because they take the others' money and look the other way and enable them.
In other words, don't make a false dichotomy of having to like either the govt or the big insurance companies - I don't trust any of 'em.
I don't understand this idea that because something is 'hard' (like saying no) or because you really need a job, there needs to be a law protecting you.
Total nonsense. You need to protect yourself. Period.
If you really want the job, then you are making a judgement call that your private stuff is a decent trade for employment. And many people might make that decision happily. In that case, good for them.
I would tell them, 'sorry, can't do that.' And if they didn't hire me because of it, then that's fine - I don't want to work there anyway. No one owes me a job on my own terms.
I'm not saying companies that pull this crap are scummy - they obviously are.