Adobe Announces Plan To Essentially Steal Money From Venezuelans Because It 'Has To' Due To US Sanctions

from the closing-up-(photo)shop dept

Update: After this story was written, but before it got published, Adobe backtracked and agreed that it would, in fact, return the money. However, users are still out of luck going forward.

Adobe has long had a history of questionable behavior, when it comes to the rights of its customers, and how the public is informed on all things Adobe. With the constant hammering on the concept that software it sells is licensed rather than purchased, not to mention with the move to more SaaS and cloud-based software, the company is, frankly, one of the pack leaders in consumers not actually owning what they bought.

But what's happening in Venezuela is something completely different. Adobe will be disabling its services entirely in that country, announcing that it was giving customers there roughly a month to download any content stored in the cloud. After that, poof, no more official Adobe access in Venezuela. That includes access for SaaS services that were prepaid. For such prepaid services, Adobe has also announced that zero refunds will be provided.

Why is this happening? According to Adobe, it's to comply with Trump's Executive Order 13884.

In the document, Adobe explains: “The U.S. Government issued Executive Order 13884, the practical effect of which is to prohibit almost all transactions and services between U.S. companies, entities, and individuals in Venezuela. To remain compliant with this order, Adobe is deactivating all accounts in Venezuela.”

To make matters worse, customers won’t be able to receive refunds for any purchases or outstanding subscriptions, as Adobe says that the executive order calls for “the cessation of all activity with the entities including no sales, service, support, refunds, credits, etc.”

As the Verge post points out, if you're shrugging at the idea that the average Venezuelan citizen just got bilked out of money or software for which they paid, private citizens aren't the only ones who will be affected by this. NGOs and news outfits will likewise be impacted by the move and those are some of the organizations attempting to affect change in Venezuela.

If nothing else, this should highlight just how risky engaging in SaaS-style tech service has become. It's one thing to pay your money and not actually own what you've bought. It's quite another to pay that money, not own what you bought, and not get your money back when you don't even get that thing you don't own at all -- because of international politics.

Filed Under: cloud software, ownership, saas, sanctions, us, venezuela
Companies: adobe


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  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 17 Oct 2019 @ 7:39pm

    Read the text of the Executive Order. It only applies to the Venezuelan government. Adobe didn't have to do this to regular citizens and businesses. They're interpreting the EO wider than they need to. They're also two months late in enforcing it.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      Wendy Cockcroft (profile), 21 Oct 2019 @ 5:35am

      Re:

      Methought all laws had to be passed by Congress; you can't just issue laws from the White House. Don't EOs only indicate policy, not law?

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • icon
        Kevin (profile), 23 Oct 2019 @ 9:26pm

        Re: Re:

        Policy issued by the federal government (assuming they're not just pulling authority out of thin air) effectively is law, it's just called regulation. It's the implementation of law.

        Authority is given by the Constitution for some matters, as well as discretionary authority given by Congress for others. So long as the EO stays within the confines of those authorities, they can effectively make law from the Oval Office.

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 17 Oct 2019 @ 7:39pm

    it will be fantastic when things like Windows OS are entirely in the cloud (except for the actual processing, they want all that work done at the edge).

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    DB (profile), 17 Oct 2019 @ 7:49pm

    Analogy with nationalizing the oil fields

    One of the major disputes between the U.S. and Venezuela was that Venezuela nationalized the oil fields. The government took over the oil fields, paying the major oil companies that 'owned' them (had exploitation rights, had risked the exploration costs, and had paid for and built the infrastructure) far less than the projected profits or market value.

    There is lots of room to argue about the investment value, market value, eminent domain, etc. But the action was nominally legal if you stood far enough away.

    It's hard to see how this action passes even standard.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      A Guy, 17 Oct 2019 @ 7:54pm

      Re: Analogy with nationalizing the oil fields

      Hugo Chavez went to "economic war" against the United States before he died and when he was President. Venezuela's corrupt and unpopular government did this to itself.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • identicon
        Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2019 @ 12:58am

        Re: Re: Analogy with nationalizing the oil fields

        No, he went to economic war against the oil companies. Are you saying that the oil companies run America?

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

        • identicon
          A Guy, 18 Oct 2019 @ 1:53am

          Re: Re: Re: Analogy with nationalizing the oil fields

          I have a news source that is usually reliable that said that but on further research there's a good chance it is mistaken.

          I took it as the truth because it's usually a reliable source of news and Chavez was the one who said Bush "smelled of sulfur" and "was the devil" so I took it as true. If I find another reliable source for that quote I will post back.

          reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

        • identicon
          Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2019 @ 7:35am

          Re: Re: Re: Analogy with nationalizing the oil fields

          "Are you saying that the oil companies run America?"

          The sarcasm is strong with this one.

          reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    A Guy, 17 Oct 2019 @ 7:51pm

    Maybe the Venezuelan government was one of the only paying customers for overpriced adobe licenses in Venezuela.

    That's actually a realistic scenario based on statistics I saw elsewhere.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anon., 17 Oct 2019 @ 8:13pm

    adobe

    GIMP, Krita, Blender are all free alternatives to anything Adobe and I suspect those organizations in Venezuela will use those instead. Of course there will be a learning curve, but Adobe is shooting itself in the foot by declaring every Venezuelan an enemy.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 17 Oct 2019 @ 9:00pm

      Ahoy!

      The vast majority of Venezuelans using GIMP just pirated it anyway.

      So - what is the actual economic impact to Adobe?

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • identicon
        Anonymous Coward, 17 Oct 2019 @ 9:08pm

        Re: Ahoy!

        Pretty sure you're thinking of photoshop...

        GIMP is free, open source, and to my knowledge lacks DRM. Ergo, what reason would you even want to pirate it?

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

        • identicon
          A Guy, 17 Oct 2019 @ 9:14pm

          Re: Re: Ahoy!

          I'm sure that was satire.

          However, if you really tried hard I guess you could find a way to intentionally violate GIMP's license for some kind of economic benefit somehow I suppose.

          reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 17 Oct 2019 @ 9:01pm

      Re: adobe

      I've used 2 out of 3 of those... Personally I find GIMP easier to use than photoshop but it lacks some of the tools/features that make photoshop more useful.

      Blender isn't even relevant here as adobe programs are predominantly focus on 2D design rather than 3D.

      The program that would be hard to replace is Illustrator. Few Programs focus on Vector Graphics to begin with, and the ones that do are rough around the edges to say the least.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • icon
        Madd the Sane (profile), 17 Oct 2019 @ 10:53pm

        Re: Re: adobe

        Inkscape can be used for vector drawings.

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

        • identicon
          Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2019 @ 6:13am

          Re: Re: Re: adobe

          It can. But have you ever tried it?

          I have. It needs polishing at best. It also lacks some important features.

          reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

          • identicon
            Lawrence D’Oliveiro, 18 Oct 2019 @ 6:57pm

            Re: lacks some important features.

            Like the need to keep paying money forever to have continued access to your own work?

            reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

          • icon
            Wendy Cockcroft (profile), 21 Oct 2019 @ 5:39am

            Re: Re: Re: Re: adobe

            The trick is to use it alongside GIMP. Make your shapes/do your text in Inkscape, then export Bitmap to GIMP.

            It depends on what you're after; I can usually make graphics for brochures, etc. using that technique when I need the text to scale perfectly. Don't forget to take dot for dot off when scaling down.

            reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • icon
        K`Tetch (profile), 17 Oct 2019 @ 10:59pm

        Re: Re: adobe

        Illustrator is one, inDesign is another (once you're set on a workflow, it's REALLY hard to change your system to a new one), and Premier is the 3rd.

        Everyone always goes on about photoshop - It's the easiest to replace, because most of it is so standard, and most projects are standalone.

        I do a lot of video editing (Media exporter has crunched for 40 of the last 72 hours - 90 minutes of that redoing the video because of the copyright claim mentioned above) and 4-5 months back I tried moving to daVinci, and couldn't. A friend has been trying to get me to use Sony Vegas for 3-4 years, and I can't get a handle on it.

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

        • identicon
          Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2019 @ 2:02am

          Re: Re: Re: adobe

          There is Scribus for desktop publishing, and Kdenlive, Openshot, and Pitivi for video editors, plus the video editing capabilities of Blender.

          Get a copy of Knoppix, it runs from a thumb drive, and you can try out Scribus, Kdenlive, Inkscape. Indeed Knoppix is a good place to start exploring the riches of Free software as it has software covering most needs.

          reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

          • identicon
            A Guy, 18 Oct 2019 @ 2:10am

            Re: Re: Re: Re: adobe

            I've used knoppix before. It was alright.

            A lot or most/all of those programs have a windows version you can just download too.

            If people want, they can also install a software suite so you can compile linux source code into a windows executable on your windows machine so you don't really have to change operating systems either. (if you're using windows)

            reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

            • identicon
              Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2019 @ 3:06am

              Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: adobe

              Windows is becoming software as a as a service, and has DRM dependencies. Adobe has just shown the real risks of that, so do you want to rely on it outside of the USA?

              Knoppix is a good way of discovering where Linux can meet your needs, and trying programs without installing them. If you decide to switch to Linux, you can look around to see what distro to install, and maybe try out some other distros on spare hardware, or by using Virtualbox.

              reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

              • identicon
                A Guy, 18 Oct 2019 @ 3:22am

                Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: adobe

                I have gotten rid of Microsoft Office even though it was my preferred office program since I was in junior high school because of its "move to the cloud".

                I had used OpenOffice, and then LibreOffice just as an experiment but didn't like them quite as much. Now LibreOffice is what I have because I'm not going to deal with connecting to Microsoft servers when I want to do something on my home computer.

                I don't think they can move windows to the cloud mostly. It's supposed to be an operating system for personal computers not a 1970s era mainframe for controlling slave terminals. I think they would destroy their business if any significant part of windows suddenly migrated to central Microsoft mainframes.

                reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

                • identicon
                  Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2019 @ 3:39am

                  Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: adobe

                  When you OS becomes a platform for delivering cloud services, your use of it is dependent on being able to use those services. Also, I can see Microsoft using DRM on the OS to ensure that they get a yearly subscription to continue using the OS and receiving up grades.

                  reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

                  • identicon
                    A Guy, 18 Oct 2019 @ 3:48am

                    Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: adobe

                    If Microsoft starts charging yearly subscriptions, then I'll go back to Red Hat or Kubuntu or something. They were fine but just not as convenient as windows when I was using them.

                    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

                    • identicon
                      Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2019 @ 5:05am

                      Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: adobe

                      What about the personal information and account creation needed to run Windows 10?

                      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

                      • identicon
                        A Guy, 18 Oct 2019 @ 5:13am

                        Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: adobe

                        Yeah, that was bullshit. I wish I had not entered it but I have now deleted it in the system settings. I did not expect that from Microsoft which is why they tricked me into giving it to them. In the future, if I get another windows computer I will just give it fake information like I do with almost every other online account.

                        One of my regular names to internet services is first name:not last name:real

                        :-)

                        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

                        • identicon
                          Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2019 @ 9:06am

                          Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: adobe

                          if I get another windows computer I will just give it fake information

                          Apparently it's fully capable of offline account creation. MS just won't let you do it if they detect an internet connection. Turn off your wifi and unplug the network cable, then try creating an account.

                          reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

                          • identicon
                            Anonymous Coward, 19 Oct 2019 @ 6:50am

                            Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: adobe

                            And how long after connecting it to the Internet will it be before it sends everything back to the mother ship.

                            reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

              • identicon
                alternatives(), 19 Oct 2019 @ 4:52am

                Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: adobe

                Or one could use a Operating System like FreeBSD where the Kernel is not one thing tossed over a development wall and then others glue it into an Operating System.

                reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

            • identicon
              Lawrence D’Oliveiro, 18 Oct 2019 @ 6:59pm

              Re: windows version you can just download too.

              The trouble with Windows software is having to download and install everything one by one, then making sure to keep it all up-to-date, again one by one.

              With the integrated package management in Linux distros, installing any of the thousands of packages from the standard repos is just a point-and-click away. And keeping it all up to date is just as easy.

              Also, the more stuff you install on a Windows machine, the less stable it gets, for no sensible reason that anyone can fathom. Linux doesn’t have this problem.

              reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

              • icon
                Madd the Sane (profile), 24 Oct 2019 @ 9:09pm

                Re: Re: windows version you can just download too.

                Also, the more stuff you install on a Windows machine, the less stable it gets[...]

                Most likely due to the old hold-over, the Windows Registry. It probably gets more fragmented the more stuff is added/removed from it.

                reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • identicon
        Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2019 @ 1:37am

        Re: Re: adobe

        There are other free photo tools that fill in many of the gaps, such as RawTherapee and Darktable , Panini, Hugin, various extensions for GIMP.

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    Gary (profile), 17 Oct 2019 @ 8:16pm

    Ahoy

    The vast majority of Venezuelans using Adobe just pirated it anyway.

    So - what is the actual economic impact to Adobe between a Pirate, and someone using Gimp? One lost sale either way, right?

    Open source causes as much economic harm as piracy - maybe more! Every time I fire up Gimp I'm stealing!

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      A Guy, 17 Oct 2019 @ 8:24pm

      Re: Ahoy

      I use Gimp too. I muddled through Microsoft paint to help with graphics for someone's work presentation and it is possible but it's not the best solution. I looked at the license cost for adobe at the time and I think it was in the thousands of dollars for a year at the time. I found Gimp and started using it after that.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • icon
        Gary (profile), 17 Oct 2019 @ 8:46pm

        Re: Re: Ahoy

        And by some people's logic, everytime you paint without Phostoshop it's theft!

        Of course, that makes perfect sense. Adobe suffers the same harm if you use cracked photoshop, Gimp, or just decide not to edit that file, eh?

        However, taking money from a paying customer and then refusing service as Adobe is doing - That is actual theft! So who does copyright benefit? Corporations.

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

        • icon
          Wendy Cockcroft (profile), 21 Oct 2019 @ 5:49am

          Re: Re: Re: Ahoy

          I love GIMP, and mostly use the .png file format to avoid haloing and other distortions. When I need a vector image or one that will scale without distorting I use Inkscape, then pull the image into GIMP so I can play with it some more. I've tried other programs (I'll give Image Magick a go) but I can get a lot done with my tried-and-tested GIMP and Inkscape combo.

          The best thing about GIMP is the add-ons. Get G'Mic,it's the best one; I use it every time I'm making a leaflet or brochure. The others are a mixed bag but G'Mic has yet to let me down. I can mimic any graphic anyone using Photoshop can create.

          reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    Kevin (profile), 17 Oct 2019 @ 9:04pm

    They are, in fact, offering refunds

    Not sure how this was missed, but see Ars Technica's article from October 10, "Adobe backtracks, will refund customers after canceling their accounts". The Verge article you linked was also updated on October 9 to reflect that.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      That Anonymous Coward (profile), 18 Oct 2019 @ 1:37am

      Re: They are, in fact, offering refunds

      I wonder if China reached out and told them it made them sad to not see refunds given.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2019 @ 2:07am

      Re: They are, in fact, offering refunds

      That is of little comfort to any business, such as a photographer, advertising agency or film producer, who will have to change the tools by which they make a living, particularly if they are part way through a project and are looking at starting it over with new tools.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • icon
        Wendy Cockcroft (profile), 21 Oct 2019 @ 5:51am

        Re: Re: They are, in fact, offering refunds

        Given that OS tools use the same file formats, as long as the files have been saved as common ones, e.g. .png, that shouldn't be a problem.

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

        • identicon
          Anonymous Coward, 21 Oct 2019 @ 7:41am

          Re: Re: Re: They are, in fact, offering refunds

          Not when mid project, as things like layers and edit points are not easily transferable, and rebuilding in a different tool can be time consuming, as not only are you learning a new tool, but also having to redo incomplete work which is only preserved in a flexible form in tool specific project files.

          Its like using layers in Gimp, you flatten as the last step, and doing so mid project eliminate your ability to modify what you have done.

          reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

          • icon
            Kevin (profile), 23 Oct 2019 @ 9:17pm

            Re: Re: Re: Re: They are, in fact, offering refunds

            There are certainly other tools that can read PSD files, layers and all. It's not like there's nothing else on the market that they could transition to.

            reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 17 Oct 2019 @ 10:14pm

    Number of pirates this will affect: fuck all...

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Daydream, 18 Oct 2019 @ 5:30am

    Hmm...this might be an odd question, but do copyright holders actually have the right to prohibit copies from being made? Or do they only have the right to claim a royalty for each copy?

    Like, if I write a really cool song and lots of people download it, would I have the legal authority to demand people remove it from their computers, as opposed to simply seeking to claim fees for each time a copy of the song was made?

    Or in this case, if Adobe is knowingly and deliberately waiving their right/opportunity to sell their products in Venezuela, do they have a right to stop people just pirating their software, since they can't legally sell their software/claim royalties for it in Venezuela anymore?

    Are there any legal cases or specific laws that deal with this question?

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      A Guy, 18 Oct 2019 @ 5:35am

      Re:

      You would need to find an expert in Venezuelan law for that kind of answer. Since there are 2 alternate heads of state and their Constituent Assembly and National legislature have de-recognized each other there isn't any stable Venezuelan law either way.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2019 @ 5:42am

      Re:

      Copyright, and the use of software as a service means that Adobe can do what they have done, and their is no legal way to restore use of their software unless/until they restore service. This includes their termination of cloud storage, but at least they have given warning so that those affected can download local copies of their work, but they also need to convert it to formats useful outside of the Adobe ecosystem, otherwise they will end up saving files that are of no use to them..

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • identicon
        A Guy, 18 Oct 2019 @ 5:55am

        Re: Re:

        Like I stated above, Venezuela's law is in flux and technically, they can do whatever they want with their counter sanctions. They can seize Adobe intellectual property and sell it or keep for the state like the US did to Germany during both world wars. They are a separate sovereign nation and don't owe adobe US or European or anyone else's specific version of intellectual property law.

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

        • identicon
          Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2019 @ 6:31am

          Re: Re: Re:

          They could, but without the source code they will have maintenance problems, and in staying compatible with Adobe products in the future.

          reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      nasch (profile), 18 Oct 2019 @ 10:30am

      Re:

      Unless there's a specific exception, in the US copyright holders can refuse permission to make copies. One such exception is the compulsory license for cover songs. A copyright holder cannot prevent anyone from covering one of their songs, as long as they pay the appropriate fee.

      Venezuelan law - I have no idea.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2019 @ 7:44am

    "software it sells is licensed rather than purchased"

    Cool! Because my old Photoshop CD is scratched and unusable. Since I have a valid license Adobe will simply send me a new CD and I will off to the races! WoooHoooo!!!

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      nasch (profile), 18 Oct 2019 @ 10:31am

      Re:

      Because my old Photoshop CD is scratched and unusable. Since I have a valid license Adobe will simply send me a new CD and I will off to the races!

      I believe you can download a copy from their web site if you have the license key. Not sure if they have a CD replacement service.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2019 @ 6:43pm

      Re: "software it sells is licensed rather than purchased"

      I remember one software package which was fairly common in the 1990s for driving vinyl cutters for sign making. It was dongle-driven as part of some misguided DRM scheme as the software itself cost some huge inflated price. A client had their premises burglarised and the computer stolen - with the dongle still in place and stolen with it. The original install disks were still sitting on the original owner's shelves where they belonged, but without the dongle they were useless.

      The software company forced the victim to buy the software again, for a fair chunk of change. The victim's insurance company was not impressed.

      One has to wonder who the real thieves are here...

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • identicon
        Lawrence D’Oliveiro, 18 Oct 2019 @ 7:01pm

        Re: burglarised

        +1 for using the technically-correct word. ;)

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • identicon
        Anonymous Coward, 19 Oct 2019 @ 7:15am

        Re: Re: "software it sells is licensed rather than purchase

        Hate the dongle.
        Another big error back in the day, an anti virus company wrote their drm key to the boot sector. Many times resulting in an overwrite of data put there by an other OS in a multi boot system. Some people were not pleased.

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    ECA (profile), 18 Oct 2019 @ 10:24am

    HOw stupid can the USA be??

    https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2019/08/07/2019-17052/blocking-property-of-the-government- of-venezuela

    https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2015/03/11/2015-05677/blocking-property-and-s uspending-entry-of-certain-persons-contributing-to-the-situation-in-venezuela

    https://www.state.gov/ venezuela-related-sanctions/

    This Hurts the people MORE then the nation..
    AND as we are the main Buyer of Oil from that nation.. It Hurts us also. Raise the prices on Gas, AGAIN..
    Which Hurts us..

    I love the Comments I hear from People about Communism and Socialism Being the problem,,,,
    NO IT WASNT.. The leader that was creating Communism was sharing everything, and HE DIED...and this is Capitalism, created by the Current leader(S) of the government..

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    alternatives(), 19 Oct 2019 @ 4:45am

    Executive Order - Not just an order to the executive branch?

    At what point did the Executive Order become "law" a private company needs to follow?

    If a private firm is impacted, should the path be a bill passed by Congress and signed into Law by the pres?

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      Wendy Cockcroft (profile), 21 Oct 2019 @ 5:55am

      Re: Executive Order - Not just an order to the executive branch?

      If anyone is impacted. Executive orders are limited in what they can achieve, aren't they?

      Article Two of the United States Constitution gives the president broad executive and enforcement authority to use their discretion to determine how to enforce the law or to otherwise manage the resources and staff of the executive branch. The ability to make such orders is also based on express or implied Acts of Congress that delegate to the president some degree of discretionary power (delegated legislation).

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

      • identicon
        Anonymous Coward, 21 Oct 2019 @ 10:29pm

        Re: Re: Executive Order - Not just an order to the executive bra

        With regards to sanctions the executive orders are authorized under the Trading with the Enemy Act/ International Emergency Economic Powers Act or similar.

        They have the full force of law and these specific sets of sanctions were originally passed to sanction enemy states, their trading partners, and the territories enemies occupied during the world wars.

        reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]


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