Philippines Trying To Shut Down Popular News Site For Reporting On President Duterte

from the freedom-of-the-press? dept

The Philippines has a "free speech" amendment in their Constitution not unlike the American First Amendment. In the Philippines, it's actually their 4th amendment:

No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for redress of grievances.

From Filipinos I've spoken to, they seem rightfully proud of this right to free speech. And they should be. But these things only matter if they're actually respected. And there's growing evidence that, under President Duterte, there's little respect for such things. A few days ago, the news broke that the Philippines Securities and Exchange Commission was pulling the license of Rappler, a popular Filipino news source started by Maria Ressa. I was privileged to hear Ressa speak at a conference last summer (she was originally supposed to be a participant in a session that I was organizing, but it was much better having her speak separately about the challenges she was facing in covering news in the Philippines). Rappler has really done some amazing work under fairly challenging circumstances.

And... it appears that those challenging circumstances are leading the government in the Philippines to try to shut them down. The official reason for pulling the license is the claim from the SEC that Rappler has violated rules concerning foreign ownership.

The En Banc finds Rappler, Inc. and Rappler Holdings Corporation, a Mass Media Entity and its alter ego, liable for violating the constitutional and statutory Foreign Equity Restriction in Mass Media, enforceable through laws and rules within the mandate of the commission

That, alone, should raise some questions about (1) why they need a license to operate and (2) why it matters how much is owned by foreigners. But the larger issue is that it's not at all clear that the supposed foreign ownership claim is accurate. It does appear that Rappler engaged in a fairly cumbersome financial transaction to allow foreign entities -- including the Omidyar Network -- to help fund its reporting. And some of that involved "Philippine Depository Receipts" or PDRs whose value is tied to the value of Rappler equity -- but which do not grant any actual ownership stake in the company. To the SEC in the Philippines, this appears to be a meaningless distinction, but it actually makes plenty of sense. You can sell an asset class that is tied to the value of something else without it granting equity in the original thing.

What this really comes down to is that Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte is not at all happy with Rappler's coverage of his administration -- and has a history of directly calling out Rappler, and falsely claiming that it's "fully owned by Americans." Earlier this week, while denying having anything to do with the SEC pulling Rappler's license, he also made it clear that he has no problem attacking the site:

Earlier this week, Mr Duterte had addressed a Rappler reporter, saying "you have been throwing trash... If you are trying to throw garbage at us, then the least that we can do is explain how about you? Are you also clean?"

And, as if to make the point even stronger that the Philippines is moving away from its Constitutional support of free speech, some legislators in the Philippines are trying to amend the Constitution to massively weaken the free speech protections in the country, such that they only apply to the laughably vague "responsible exercise" of free speech:

"In the Bill of Rights, we see everything there to be acceptable, except Article 3, Section 4 (freedom of speech)," Capiz Rep. Fredenil Castro (2nd district) said Tuesday during the House Committee on Constitutional Amendments' hearing on the proposed amendments to the Constitution.

A subcommittee proposed to reword the provision to read, "No law shall be passed abridging the 'responsible exercise' of freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for redress of grievances."

Castro said many believe the constitutional guarantee of free speech has been "unrestrained."

"There is so much abuse of this freedom," he added.

That's... quite a statement. First of all, if your freedom of expression protections are limited to the "reasonable exercise" of free speech you have no free speech protections, because the government can and will always define speech it dislikes as unreasonable (see Duterte's comments above). Second, the whole point of protecting freedom of expression is that it's "unrestrained." To complain about that seems preposterous. Similarly what Castro sees as "abuse of this freedom" actually means "exercising of this freedom in a way I dislike." And that's the point of having true support for freedom of expression -- that many times it will be disliked by the representatives of the government, but they should be unable to block it.

Unfortunately, it appears some in power in the Philippines see it entirely differently. And, thus it appears that what the Philippines has touted as freedom of expression may be anything but that. Thankfully, not everyone in the government agrees. As reported in Rappler (naturally), some find this problematic:

The House opposition bloc did not agree with this proposal.

"How can you define responsible? What is responsible for them? So when you say responsible, it's what favors them?" said Magdalo Representative Gary Alejano, citing the proliferation of disinformation and propaganda from online personalities who are apparent supporters of President Rodrigo Duterte.

[....]

Ifugao Representative Teddy Baguilat said this provision could be used to curtail freedom of expression.

"That's why, what happened to Rappler, that's because they feel it's not a 'responsible' media institution. And I'm sure other media institutions are threatened right now. So that's the thing, who defines?" he said.

Hopefully cooler heads prevail. Supporting freedom of expression means going all in -- and the Philippines seems to be perilously close to completely ditching the concept.


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  • icon
    Stephen T. Stone (profile), 18 Jan 2018 @ 9:33am

    First of all, if your freedom of expression protections are limited to the "reasonable exercise" of free speech you have no free speech protections

    Nobody let Trump read this.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    Mason Wheeler (profile), 18 Jan 2018 @ 9:40am

    Wow, that's a mess. They want to weaken the Philippines' version of the First Amendment? It's already too weak; it's missing the first and most important protection from the American version. If anything, they need to strengthen it!

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 18 Jan 2018 @ 11:55am

      Re:

      You mean like we did within 200 miles of the borders, airports or anywhere a federal agent decides it doesn't apply?

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 18 Jan 2018 @ 9:47am

    Not surprised this sort of position is espoused by one who proudly brags of commuting murder.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • This comment has been flagged by the community. Click here to show it
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 18 Jan 2018 @ 10:03am

    "The En Banc finds": "Rappler has violated rules concerning foreign ownership."

    This is not unfounded, capricious, or without recourse. You admit facts, then try to say that foreign money doesn't necessarily equate directly to "ownership". But money is fungible and any clown can play semantic games. -- That you're forced to try and euphemize facts is key evidence.

    You seem surprised that obvious foreign influence has become so obvious that it's good cause for yanking a license.

    Then you go off on your usual assertion that "free speech" is an absolute and broad protection. But it's not, even in the US.

    Backstory you leave out is that Duterte began stopping drug traffic, and then all of sudden "ISIS" insurgents show up. That's entirely consistent with established facts of CIA drug-running AND support of "ISIS".

    So it's no surprise that Duterte is attacked by media supported by foreign money. Entirely consistent with the theory Duterte is a rational nationalist who's seen the pattern of Western "de-stabilizing" and tries to stop it.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 18 Jan 2018 @ 10:03am

      Re: "The En Banc finds": "Rappler has violated rules concerning foreign ownership."

      Here's an item came across right before comment:

      "70 Years of Disinformation: How the CIA Funded Opinion Magazines in Europe"
      http://russia-insider.com/en/70-years-disinformation-how-cia-funded-opinion-magazines-europe/ ri22221

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 18 Jan 2018 @ 10:07am

      Re: "The En Banc finds": "Rappler has violated rules concerning foreign ownership."

      So, how did Duterte's asshole taste when you licked it clean for him?

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • icon
      An Onymous Coward (profile), 18 Jan 2018 @ 10:45am

      Re: "The En Banc finds": "Rappler has violated rules concerning foreign ownership."

      If you could manage to stop with the personal attacks some of your posts might even come off as reasonable. Not saying this is one of them but you never know. Give it a shot some time, preferably without replacing the attacks with self-pity.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 18 Jan 2018 @ 2:11pm

      Re: "The En Banc finds": "Rappler has violated rules concerning foreign ownership."

      "You seem surprised that obvious foreign influence has become so obvious that it's good cause for yanking a license."

      Fox News is owned by Murdock ... an Aussie - yeah?
      He owned several tabloids before becoming naturalized just so he could buy a tv station.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 18 Jan 2018 @ 4:14pm

      Re: "The En Banc finds": "Rappler has violated rules concerning foreign ownership."

      Gobble, gobble that authoritarian cock! Mmmm! Who's a good corporate lapdog, blue boy? You are!

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 18 Jan 2018 @ 10:09am

    >"No law shall be passed abridging the 'responsible exercise' of freedom of speech

    In other words Criticizing the government undermines it authority, and is not a responsible use of freedom of speech.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 18 Jan 2018 @ 11:58am

      Re:

      That sounds nice in theory, until you get a dictator who openly admits to murdering people without trial or proof of wrongdoing. It then gets worse when he has his police take over the drug trade and claim to be cleaning up the country when they kill their competition.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 18 Jan 2018 @ 11:09am

    "Earlier this week, Mr Duterte had addressed a Rappler reporter, saying "you have been throwing trash... If you are trying to throw garbage at us, then the least that we can do is explain how about you? Are you also clean?""

    Mr. Duterte, it's "what about". https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whataboutism

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 18 Jan 2018 @ 12:32pm

    Rappler must be quite brave to criticize the self admitted murderer Rodrigo Duterte.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 18 Jan 2018 @ 12:59pm

    No wonder Trump so admires Duterte.

    They have similar views.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Anonymous Coward, 18 Jan 2018 @ 2:02pm

      Re: No wonder Trump so admires Duterte.

      Of course. Same reason he admires Erdogan and Putin -- and no doubt, secretly admires Jong-un, but of course won't actually admit it.

      The difference is that they're all smarter than he is. (Which isn't saying much, I know.) They're much better at being murderous ruthless dictators, whereas he's just a chump.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    That One Guy (profile), 18 Jan 2018 @ 6:47pm

    Deja vu

    Castro said many believe the constitutional guarantee of free speech has been "unrestrained."

    "There is so much abuse of this freedom," he added.

    Where have I heard that before? Could have sworn a few people in the US and elsewhere have also argued made the argument that free speech has been a little too 'free', and needs to be restrained 'just a little'. 'For the public good' of course, and in a way that it would only ever impact 'bad people'.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 18 Jan 2018 @ 10:09pm

    And yet theres a different view.
    http://www.manilatimes.net/responsible-journalism-means-complying-law-npc/374973/

    Isn't what rapplers doing a kind of red herring. Claiming an attack in the freedom of the press while uncompliant in terms of local constitution?

    If theres indeed an attack their site should be already down, however theres no sign of it being shut down by the government.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    Ninja (profile), 19 Jan 2018 @ 5:44am

    Totalitarian assholes don't like free speech. Just check who are the ones attacking free speech right now and you'll see who are the wannabe dictators/tyrants. Sadly the US has one at their top position right now as well.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]


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