How Pharmaceutical Companies Are Keeping Americans From Doing Something The Government Says They Can Do

from the taking-options-away dept

The EFF's series on "shadow regulation" continues, this time exploring how American pharmaceutical companies are keeping affordable medication out of the hands of Americans. The examination goes beyond what's already common knowledge: that patents and regulatory capture have created a skewed marketplace that ensures healthy profit margins, rather than healthy Americans.

But what's not generally known is that the pharmaceutical companies have "partnered" with internet intermediaries to lock Americans out of purchasing options specifically approved by the FDA. To hear big pharmaceutical companies tell it, purchasing drugs from other countries (where the price is generally lower) is extremely dangerous, if not completely illegal. But that's simply not true.

[D]iscretionary guidelines developed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and enforced by the CBP allow American consumers to import a 90-day supply of some prescription medications for personal use, including by bringing them across border checkpoints in personal luggage, or by mailing them from overseas. In the latter case, a large market exists for pharmacies registered in other countries such as Canada, Australia and Turkey, that will accept online orders and mail genuine pharmaceuticals to American consumers at cheaper than local prices.

Multiple industry groups -- most of them using the word "safe" in their names to insinuate that purchasing drugs anywhere but where they want you to is inherently "dangerous" -- have blacklisted certain foreign sellers and have pushed for internet service providers to enforce the blacklists.

The Alliance for Safe Online Pharmacies (ASOP) and Center for Safe Internet Pharmacies (CSIP) are two of these groups. Both groups feature a lot of overlapping membership but having two separate organizations gives this the appearance of more membership diversification than there actually is. While there's nothing inherently bad about wanting to ensure Americans purchase legitimate medications from foreign vendors, the blacklists cover more than just questionable sellers.

Two registers of online pharmacy websites are approved by both the ASOP and the CSIP. These are run respectively by LegitScript, and by the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) under the name Verified Internet Pharmacy Practice Sites (VIPPS). A third, independent register is run by the eponymous PharmacyChecker.com, which the ASOP and the CSIP do not recognize. This is because while all three exclude sellers of fake and counterfeit drugs from their approved lists, only the U.S. pharmaceutical industry-run registers LegitScript and VIPPS also exclude overseas online pharmacies that supply genuine drugs to Americans under the FDA's personal use policy.

The shadow regulation keeps American purchasers away from legitimate sellers with lower prices. Going forward, ICANN's domain name registration is going to further prevent Americans from accessing more affordable drugs. These groups have pressured ICANN into using the same skewed blacklist when approving .pharmacy domains. While there are still other top-level domains available that may also help bring customers to legitimate vendors these groups want to lock out of the market, that too may change in the coming months. The National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) wants ICANN to police the web for it and, hopefully, to shut down domains owned by foreign medical vendors it doesn't like.

If it can't force ICANN to bend to its will, it will use tools it already has in place: pressuring online payments providers and ad services to cut off support for any seller it hasn't whitelisted.

This all helps ensure the industry can sell you drugs at the price it wants, rather than the price the market defines. Somehow, the exact same medicine produced by the exact same company should cost more simply because an American pharm tech put it into a bottle and printed a label, rather than someone who lives outside US borders.


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  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2016 @ 9:52am

    The whole industry is colluding

    If only we had a government body responsible for monitoring things like this... Oh that is right, we do, but they have been payed off to look the other way.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    Ninja (profile), 18 Oct 2016 @ 10:10am

    For an industry that technically helps saving lives their practices are shady at best, downright criminal at worst. Here's hoping more countries crack down on them and make generics around the world.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2016 @ 12:38pm

    So the line has started forming to apply pressure to ICANN. Maybe it wasn't meaningless for the US Commerce Dept to cut ties with it.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    pegr, 18 Oct 2016 @ 1:06pm

    Perhaps?

    Perhaps the DEA shouldn't have the administrative power to grant patent-like privileges to drug makers? Hmm?

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    Ryunosuke (profile), 18 Oct 2016 @ 2:29pm

    They have the presumption, the audacity to think that Canada, UK, Turkey, or Australia has absolutely ZERO pharmaceutical production standards, they are insinuating that these countries are akin to India, Malaysia, or some other country with lower standards in producing pharmaceuticals.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    T.Fortin, 18 Oct 2016 @ 2:31pm

    List of online pharmacies

    So is there a list of pharmacies that are legit, that carry generics at good prices ? My isp my try to block, but my VPN will stop that nonsense.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2016 @ 4:59pm

    All this will be better under Hillary

    Hillary takes millions from drug companies

    Bernie? Bernie? Bueller? Bueller?

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2016 @ 7:06pm

    I must have missed the part where American companies have the right to force legal, legitimate non-American companies to do what they want.

    Interfere with ICANN and you increase the chances of walled garden networks. The sooner we get more non-US payment providers / ads / whatever, the better. The world in general is getting rather tired of this.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 18 Oct 2016 @ 9:15pm

    I saved hundreds

    Around 12 years ago I did a trial course of a medication for about 6 months. The US cost was over $600 for a months supply. This was out of my own pocket You needed to take it for months to see if it helped. After paying the US price for a few months--(and trying to shop for prescription drug prices between pharmacies has it's own difficulties)--I switched to Canadian pharmacies. Prices ranged from $125-160 for a months supply.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]


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