White House Refuses To Say If We're 'Less Safe' After PATRIOT Act Provisions Expired
from the telling dept
“What you’re doing, essentially, is you’re playing national security Russian roulette,” one senior administration official said of allowing the powers to lapse. That prospect appears increasingly likely with the measure, the USA Freedom Act, stalled and lawmakers in their home states and districts during a congressional recess.And, now, of course, as you know, the various minor surveillance provisions have, in fact, expired, if only briefly, meaning that the programs are kinda, sorta no longer running (there are exceptions, other authorities and the ability to "grandfather" in some investigations... so...). Given all that ridiculous bluster last week, you'd think that the White House (now on the record, as opposed to hiding behind bogus "senior official" monikers) would be willing to come out and say that we're now less safe.
“We’re in uncharted waters,” another senior member of the administration said at a briefing organized by the White House, where three officials spoke with reporters about the consequences of inaction by Congress. “We have not had to confront addressing the terrorist threat without these authorities, and it’s going to be fraught with unnecessary risk.”
In yesterday's press briefing, chief spokesperson Josh Earnest did everything possible to avoid the question. He did kick it off by saying that the results "have had an impact on the ability -- or on the authorities that our national security professionals can use to keep us safe," but that's tap dancing. Of course it "has an impact." It took away some programs. But the question is what kind of impact? And there, Earnest will not say. At all.
Well, I don’t have any details to share about either ongoing or recently started national security investigations. What we’ve also acknowledged is true is that our national security professionals have other tools that they can use to conduct investigations. They don’t have tools that replace these critically -- these important authorities, but there are other tools that they can use to conduct investigations.First of all, the programs in question have not been shown to be "critical" or "important." The lone wolf provision has never even been used, and the 215 program (despite being illegal under 215 according to the 2nd Circuit appeals court) has been reviewed by multiple judges, Senate intelligence staffers and two separate White House advisory boards and was found not to have been useful in stopping a single domestic terrorist attack. So why does he keep claiming they're "critical" or "important"?
One reporter calls him out on this, asking about any examples of where those programs have been useful, and Earnest provides nothing:
Q Just first, on the security of Americans right now. You weren’t able to comment about whether in these 13 hours there’s been any problems. But let’s go back, if we can, in history here. Can you point to anything in the past that would not have been successful under these current conditions? Is there somebody we would not have caught? Is there something that you could explain to Americans why this is so important, using history?Got that? He can't say if they've actually been useful (because they haven't), but he can say, without providing any details, that some information obtained under these programs was "information they were not previously aware of." But, again, if that's the standard under which these things are judged, you can authorize just about any program at all. That's not the point. The standard needs to be (1) does the program obey the Constitution and (2) is it critical to investigations. These programs have failed on both accounts.
MR. EARNEST: Well, there are -- probably not in as much detail as will satisfy you right at the top here, but I think I can offer up two compelling reasons why our national security professionals say that having these authorities is important to the national security of the country.
The first is that there are recent examples -- I can’t go into those examples -- but recent examples where our national security professionals say that information that they obtained using these authorities was information that they were not previously aware of. And that’s an indication that these authorities have succeeded in eliciting information that’s been critical to ongoing investigations.
The second thing is that the way that our investigators talk about this information is that these pieces of information as they’re collected are critically important building blocks to an investigation. And what that means is it means that a clearer picture is provided when you put a variety of pieces of information together; that as it fits together, you get a clearer sense of what it is that you’re investigating.
Then we get to the big question: given the statements last week, does this mean that we're now all less safe? One reporter asks the question by requesting Earnest rank the situation:
Q So I think what many in the public might want to really hear from the White House is, on a scale of one to ten, how much less safe are we today than we were on Saturday?Okay, so that's not answering the question. And then Earnest goes into silly town:
MR. EARNEST: Well, that is something that our national security professionals can speak more directly to. I think the way that I would characterize it is simply this, Jim -- that we have these authorities that were included in the Patriot Act, the majority of which are not controversial and have been in place since 2001, and as our national security professionals tell us, have been used to elicit information that’s been valuable to ongoing national security investigations.
And so the question that you’ve heard me offer up a few times from the podium here over the last week or so is simply, why would we add unnecessary risk to the country and our national security because of Congress’s failure to act?1. Because the existing program is unconstitutional. And 2. Because there is no evidence that it adds any unnecessary risk -- as shown by the fact that even you won't say that we're any less safe today than in the past.
After a few other questions, another reporter goes back to that question of how much less safe are we. Again, Earnest refuses to answer:
Q Good to see you. You didn’t answer Jim’s question about the 1 to 10 point scale. But just to really put it bluntly, are the American people clearly less safe today than they were last week?That same reporter then follows it up by pointing to CIA director John Brennan's fearmongering about what will happen, to ask the question another way. And, again, Earnest employs his expertise in tap dancing:
MR. EARNEST: Well, again, that is a judgment that one of our national security professionals could make based on their own efforts to investigate this.
Q Right, but you went through this whole list of things that are not available now. It sounds that the implication of that is that we are less safe now than we were just a day or two ago.
MR. EARNEST: Well, again, I’ll let people draw whatever conclusion they would like. But the one -- the fact that I can confirm for you is that there are specific tools that our national security professionals have previously used to conduct national security investigations that they can, as of today, no longer use because of the partisan dysfunction in the United States Senate.
Q CIA Director Brennan said over the weekend that if the law lapsed, and of course it now has, the FBI would lose the ability to track people intent on carrying out attacks on the homeland. Is that correct?Except those tools are not critical. He keeps saying they are, even though everyone who's looked at them has said otherwise.
MR. EARNEST: Well, I'm certainly not going to contradict the Director of the CIA --
Q So we have lost the ability for -- the FBI has lost the ability to track people who are intent on carrying out attacks on the homeland?
MR. EARNEST: Well, there are a variety of tools that are used by our national security professionals to conduct both law enforcement and national security investigations. But what is clear is that there are tools that are critical to that effort that are no longer available -- or at least as of today are no available to our national security professionals.
The same reporter then points to a quote from Senator Lindsey Graham claiming that we're less safe today, and asking for a comment from the White House, leading to this:
MR. EARNEST: Well, there have been a number of pronouncements and accusations that have been lobbed by those who aspire to occupy the Oval Office in early 2017. And I'm not going to get into a -- I’ve done my best to try to avoid getting into a back and forth with any of them on a specific issue. So while I obviously disagree with the sentiments expressed by Senator Graham, I don’t have an interest in getting into a back and forth with him at this point.Hmm. So, it appears that he's saying that we're not, in fact, less safe, after refusing to answer that question directly, and he "doesn't agree" with Graham's comments that we are less safe.
Q So we’re not less safe today?
MR. EARNEST: I obviously don’t agree with what Senator Graham had to say today in kicking off his campaign.
A while later, another reporter brings up the fact that there's no evidence at all that these programs were ever useful, and notes how weird it is that Earnest won't comment on how the programs were actually useful and won't say if we're "less safe" now that the program has expired:
Q People who are opposed to certain parts of the Patriot Act have been pretty explicit in outlining these ways that they didn’t really help certain cases, or that there are other methods to get the same information. But conversely, you and the administration, you can’t list or won’t list any concrete examples of how it did help; you won’t say whether the American public is less safe now. If this is so important, doesn’t your argument seem to be weaker than those in opposition? And isn’t that contributing to the controversy that’s out there?What? "As honest and forthright and candid about these programs and about the impact that they have on our national security"? Is he joking? The administration has been nothing but unclear, dishonest and misleading about all of those things -- and that's continued in this very press briefing. The programs have been conclusively proven not to be useful (and likely not to be constitutional), yet he keeps insisting they're "critical" or "important." And then, after fearmongering about what would happen if they expired, the administration refuses to now say we're "less safe" because of the political baggage that would entail.
MR. EARNEST: That certainly is not the conclusion of 338 Democrats and Republicans in the House of Representatives who came together around a common-sense bipartisan proposal that would implement reforms, that would strengthen civil liberties protections while also reauthorizing tools that our national security professionals say are important to keeping us safe.
I think the other thing that’s true is that we’ve heard a lot of claims on the other side of this argument that haven’t borne out to be true. And there has been an effort on the part of the administration, even given the constraints that we have about talking about classified or highly sensitive national security programs, to be as honest and forthright and candid about these programs and about the impact that they have on our national security.
The whole thing is political. The President knows that saying "we're less safe now" is politically damaging (especially when it's not true). It's pure fearmongering. They said it beforehand to try to get their way, but now know that it will look "weak" to say it today. It's all a big theatrical political show.
Q But when we keep talking about national security, you use the word “safe” almost every other word in some of your statements. So if you feel so strongly about some of these programs without being able to give any concrete examples of them working, why can’t you at least say that the American public is less safe without them? It almost seems like you’re going just up to that point. Do you feel that way or don’t you feel that way?In other words, the President won't say we're less safe, because (1) it's not true and (2) it's not politically feasible (or, really, reverse that order), but I'll point you to the fearmongerers in charge who want more power, because they'll say just about anything to get more powers to spy on Americans.
MR. EARNEST: Well, I would encourage you to ask some of our national security professionals. You’ve heard the FBI Director, Jim Comey, talk about how important these tools are to their work. I saw that the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, John Brennan, was on Chip’s network over the weekend, talking about how these programs and these authorities were integral to the efforts of the intelligence community. So I would defer to those professionals. They can give you the best assessment.
All I can say is -- make the simple, fact-based observation that there are tools that our national security professionals say are important to their work that today they don’t have because of a bunch of Republican senators who played politics with these issue over the last couple of weeks.
And despite their refusing to answer the question, those pesky reporters keep going back to it:
Q I want to just follow up on something Michelle asked you. I’ve seen you be very forceful about a number of issues, but I also can tell when you’re being careful. It seems to me when you won’t just come out and say “we are less safe,” there’s a reason behind it. And I’m just wondering, is it because, frankly, we’re not less safe because the Patriot Act provisions have elapsed? Are we basically the same because there are plenty of other tools available already?Once again, this is all just political theater. Everyone knows that these provisions are not critical and not necessary, and having them expire is more symbolic than anything else. But no one seems to be willing to flat out call the administration's bluff here. It insisted these programs were necessary and now that they're gone, no one is any less safe at all.
MR. EARNEST: Well, Kevin, all I can do is I can illustrate to you very clearly that there are tools that had previously been available to our national security professionals that are not available today because the Senate didn’t do their job, because we saw Republicans in the Senate engage in a lot of political back and forth as opposed to engaging in the critically important work of the country.
And as a result, there are programs and tools that our national security professionals themselves say are important to their work that are not available to them right now as we speak. And that’s why we urge the Senate to set aside the politicking and actually focus on their basic responsibility. And we’re hopeful that they will vote in favor of the common-sense, bipartisan reform proposal that’s already passed the House of Representatives.