A 'Trustworthy' Social Network For The Occupy Movement: Even If They Build It, Can They Ever Trust It?

from the weakest-link-in-the-chain dept

The role of technology in the wave of protests that swept the world last year is a matter of debate. While some claim that social networks and mobile phones allowed protesters to organize themselves with an unprecedented speed and efficiency, others have seen their role as marginal – or even counterproductive, since these same technologies also allow governments to monitor events with greater ease than in pre-Internet days.

One group aligned with the Occupy movement is situated somewhere in the middle. That is, it recognizes the important role that technology can play, but sees increasing problems with today's social media. The solution, they believe, is to create a new social network specifically aimed at helping protest movements scale up their activities by linking like-minded people around the world:

What we need, at this point, is a platform that allows us to radically democratize our global organizational efforts. In addition to the local squares, we now need a global square where people of all nations can come together as equals to participate in the coordination of collective actions and the formulation of common goals and aspirations. For this reason, we call upon the revolutionary wizkids of the world to unite and assist in the development of a new online platform – The Global Square – that combines the communicative functions of the existing social networks with the political functions of the assemblies to provide crucial new tools for the development of our global movement.
The same post has an interesting list of requirements for such a system, which will be open source. That's certainly wise, since it will allow volunteers to contribute, but it does raise the question: why not use one of the existing open source social networks like identi.ca, elgg, or – perhaps the best-known example – Diaspora?

One of the key differences of the proposed social network from those is the central importance of trust, as this feature on The Global Square in Wired explains:

One challenge that all of the new efforts face is a very difficult one for non-centralized services: ensuring that members are trustworthy. That’s critical for activists who risk injury and arrest in all countries and even death in some. To build trust, local and international networks will use a friend-of-a-friend model in Knutson and Boyer’s projects. People can’t become full members on their own as they can with social networks like Twitter, Facebook and Google+.
Although that sounds fine in theory, recent events in the UK suggest that it might not help much in practice. A year ago, the Guardian broke a story about a police officer there who, for seven years:
lived deep undercover at the heart of the environmental protest movement, travelling to 22 countries gleaning information and playing a frontline role in some of the most high-profile confrontations
Nor was this an isolated case, as another Guardian story reported:
Five of the seven undercover police officers in the protest movement who have been exposed so far have admitted having or have been alleged to have had sexual relationships with activists they were keeping under surveillance, despite claims by senior police officers that this was banned.
It seems unlikely that employing the "friend-of-a-friend" approach to trust would have kept many of them out of the network.

In fact it's hard to see how any social network technology can get around the problem that undercover agents will always find a way to subvert trust systems by exploiting their weakest points: other people. That means that the real challenge facing The Global Square is not technical – how to keep out spies - but social: how to cope with the fact that you can't.

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Reader Comments (rss)

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  •  
    identicon
    F!, Jan 19th, 2012 @ 2:09am

    Nothing wrong with the fact that 'the authorities' can see the communications between occupiers. Transparency is core to the movement. Without transparency, the movement cannot truly represent the 99%.

    This also allows a public record of events to be created, which can only serve to strengthen the movement, as well as placate and inform critics who haven't yet grasped that we are all in this together.

     

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  •  
    identicon
    Citizen2012, Jan 19th, 2012 @ 2:36am

    > Nothing wrong with the fact that 'the authorities' can see the communications between occupiers.

    That is a comment of such staggering naivety in the context of repressive regimes gathering intelligence on dissidents that I can only assume that you are a copper. Having [Gadaffi|Assad|Insert dictator]'s secret police be able to trace all your relationships puts your and other people's lives in danger. Even in "democratic" countries people are likley to be arrested, raided be denied job opportunities and so on because of state subservience on social networks.

     

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    •  
      icon
      Ninja (profile), Jan 19th, 2012 @ 4:01am

      Re:

      There's this girl that is an activist for the sex workers rights, I follow her on tweeter. These days we were talking about how FBI followed and monitored her for a while because she's some sort of leadership in these protests. US, land of the free. So yes, I can see your point and I agree.

      Diaspora seems to be a pretty good alternative for Facebook. I guess we need to check the existing options and check which are more 'protest' friendly.

       

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    •  
      identicon
      F!, Jan 19th, 2012 @ 3:57pm

      There is no way to enforce systems of trust (passwords, last-minute contacts, etc.). These can and will be compromised. A completely transparent system is the only one that cannot be compromised.

      What is naive is the belief that 'secrecy' can solve the problems on this scale. Sure it might help to overthrow the current regime more quickly, but without transparency the systems of corruption will reproduce themselves and we'll be back where we started. (Meet the new boss, same as the old boss) Secrecy is like cheating on a test, it may get you the passing grade, but you've still lost because you didn't learn the lesson.

      The only way to break the cycle is to not make the same mistakes that got us into this mess in the first place.

       

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  •  
    icon
    Violated (profile), Jan 19th, 2012 @ 3:02am

    Speed

    Such a gathering to me sounds like how 4Chan morphs into Anonymous for chaotic organization and activist action. They got busted as well you may recall.

    It is not possible to run a secure system without rampant paranoia and always doubting your friends. The best option is to establish an open organization and command structure and then to use speed to beat the opposition.

    Like have all member's cell phone numbers. Then on the day of action use both a new phone and new SIM to SMS them all calling them to arms at X place only 30 to 60 mins meeting time away.

    The protesters win this one when people turn up how and when they can from several directions. The opposition have a much harder time assembling a large enough team and to outfit them all with equipment and plans in such a short time.

    Better yet they can assemble teams to complete certain tasks like to barricade roads to delay progress in their plans to break up the protesters. They can do a lot of preparation ahead of time and the key part is always mass assembly on very short notice. Occupy Wall Street could have worked much better had this occurred.

     

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    •  
      identicon
      Anonymous Coward, Jan 19th, 2012 @ 7:14am

      Re: Speed

      Speaking of 4Chan, and going off on a threadjack..

      Where is 4Chan in the wave of these blackouts and movements against SOPA/PIPA?

      Or are they silent because of letting us handle it ourselves?

       

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      •  
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        Violated (profile), Jan 19th, 2012 @ 8:43am

        Re: Re: Speed

        4Chan did join the blackout yesterday but they were not the biggest voice on the Net. Anonymous can be a very effective group when they get organized and be thankful they do often take a stand on issues when so many do not.

        There are of course many other protest groups and currently I am sorry for them what with the current snow and ice.

         

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  •  
    identicon
    John Doe, Jan 19th, 2012 @ 4:31am

    Even the Hells Angels was infiltrated

    The Hells Angels were infiltrated and you know what it takes to get into that group.

     

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    •  
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      Ninja (profile), Jan 19th, 2012 @ 4:40am

      Re: Even the Hells Angels was infiltrated

      Any1 can pretend to be what they aren't to perfection. There's no infallible system to prevent such 'intrusions'. The issue is, how can you live with that? How can damages of a possible betrayal can be kept to a minimum? Or how to make the cost of betrayal big enough to discourage that?

       

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      •  
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        Haywood (profile), Jan 19th, 2012 @ 6:55am

        Re: Re: Even the Hells Angels was infiltrated

        "How can damages of a possible betrayal can be kept to a minimum?"
        Double and triple, even quadruple redundancy.
        The protesters edge is; they out number the authorities significantly. You have sacrifice a few pawns.

         

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  •  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Jan 19th, 2012 @ 6:15am

    Trust systems are evil.

    By their very structure, trust systems are top-down, based on a "trusted" authority. The US Department of Defense official DEFINITION of a "trusted system" is one that can BREAK your security systems. Trusted systems are inherently authoritarian. That authority may be a government, it may be a central part of an organization, like Microsoft, or Linux, or your company's network admin, but they are all authoritarian.

    What is needed is a security system that does not rely on trust. Such a system would rely instead on reputations that would change dynamically based on a continual evaluation of their demonstrated past behavior and on one's own policies and prejudices.

     

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  •  
    icon
    Zos (profile), Jan 19th, 2012 @ 7:42am

    I think they should read Cory Doctorow's "little brother". Then they should get beaten with it until they get the point.

     

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  •  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Jan 19th, 2012 @ 7:43am

    4chan blacked out every post via the spoiler option yesterday in protest of SOPA, or was that not what you were asking?

     

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  •  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Jan 19th, 2012 @ 8:34am

    Two Systems

    I think they need two systems. One which is open to anyone, authorities included, that automatically uses Tor or some such to anonymiize so much as possible. This system would be for discussion and revelations of corruption or other intrigue.

    The other system is the difficult one. It is for planning and executing operations. This is the one that needs to be secure from authorities. I think a sneaker-net style is the way to go with this, as no amount of Tor or any trust based, or for that matter relationship based system will keep out a determined adversary. Even this has the issue of potential infiltration, because it too would be relationship based, at the very least. They might consider a several to many relationship (broadcast from multiple instigator emitters).

    BTW, the first system should not practice censorship as the original Occupy Wall Street system did. I tried to post a longer comment, which was rejected out of had, and the temerity to call me a jerk for trying. Too bad. They may not have agreed with everything I said, but they are poorer for not having heard it.

     

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