Judge Says Making It Harder To Exercise Free Speech Does Not Create Substantial Hardship

from the holy-what-now? dept

In a horrifically bad ruling on the attempt by Puerto 80 to get the US government to return its domain while it awaits a trial, a district court judge has decided that there's simply no First Amendment issue at all at this time because someone whose domain is seized by the US government can simply set up shop somewhere else:
"Although some discussion may take place in the forums, the fact that visitors must now go to other websites to partake in the same discussions is clearly not the kind of substantial hardship that Congress intended to ameliorate...."
Yes, the judge is basically saying that the government can block speech so long as you can set up shop elsewhere. The judge cites no precedent for this, other than the judge's own interpretation of the law. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court argues the exact opposite in its Virginia State Pharmacy Board v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council decision:
"We are aware of no general principle that freedom of speech may be abridged when the speaker's listeners could come by his message by some other means...."
In that decision, the court even specifically notes that "the recipients of the political publications in Lamont could have gone abroad and thereafter disseminated them themselves...," which is what Rojadirecta effectively had to do in changing domain names, and the Supreme Court makes clear that this is still a First Amendment violation.

This ruling is just on the question of whether or not the domain should be returned pre-trial. The judge does note that the First Amendment part can be challenged in the actual upcoming trial, but in the meantime, he's claiming that a clear violation of the First Amendment does not create "substantial hardship." That's quite a ruling and quite a diminishment of the basic principles of the First Amendment.

Separately, as the EFF points out, the judge did not even address the key point raised in Fort Wayne Books v. Indiana, that you cannot use mere "probable cause," in restricting speech, but that it requires a higher bar. The judge just ignores that point entirely. It's quite surprising, and you can bet this will be appealed.

In the meantime, the implications of this are huge and immensely troubling. The reasoning in the ruling means that anyone whose website is seized cannot claim a First Amendment violation at all, because they can just put up a site elsewhere. That's a massive dismantling of the First Amendment. Based on this ruling, and contrary to a long line of First Amendment cases, the government could seize the printing presses from a newspaper it doesn't like by saying that the publisher can just use someone else's. Yikes!

Filed Under: first amendment, free speech, prior restraint, rojadirecta, seized domains
Companies: puerto 80, rojadirecta


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  1. identicon
    out_of_the_blue, 5 Aug 2011 @ 11:29am

    Implications not "huge" or "immensely troubling".

    "This ruling is just on the question of whether or not the domain should be returned pre-trial." -- So it's easily reversible and has no obvious effect on justice obtainable.

    Puerto 80 is accused of using a particular soapbox to facilitate -- well, I omit so as to not show prejudice -- to do something; the gov't has seized that soapbox as evidence besides means. But Puerto 80 is free to set up another soapbox identical in function to first (at least so far as 1st Amendment goes), no more difficult of access, so it is not prevented from complaining about the 1st or of saying whatever it wants.

    I use "soapbox" because physically a 2nd could be placed right next to 1st without the least problem for listeners, and it's close as analogy can get (though all analogies are bad). The web makes broadcasting easier, yet if one is selling contraband, the associated means doesn't get excluded because of the magic of "teh internets".

    Puerto 80 will get its day in court, and if the underlying charges are sustained, then it surely doesn't get the "property" back. As the /value/ of the website name looks on the surface to have come from facilitating -- whatever -- then it's inextricably linked. -- That's just the way things work: when you get charged, the gov't gains advantages. -- I've no worries from /this/ that courts will suddenly go wild as Mike alleges; quite narrow and specific circumstances.

    And -- as you guys so frequently say: Puerto 80 can just open up another website and continue! So why isn't that touted ability enough /while/ the legalities are being settled? (I also predict that the trial will go adversely to Mike's views and render this yet more academic.)

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