Bezos: Attempts To Collect State Sales Tax On Amazon Sales Is Unconstitutional

from the won't-stop-'em dept

For quite some time now, we've covered how various states have tried to avoid laws that say mail order companies don't need to collect sales tax in states where they have no staff (while individuals are supposed to self-declare and pay that tax, almost none do). The main target has been Amazon, with various states pushing to get Amazon to pay taxes anyway. Amazon has taken a hardline with many of these states, even announcing plans to move subsidiaries out of Texas if it kept on trying to collect sales tax because of those subsidiaries. The latest, found via Slashdot, is that Jeff Bezos is claiming that such attempts to collect sales tax are unconstitutional without Congressional approval:
And in the U.S., the Constitution prohibits states from interfering in interstate commerce. And there was a Supreme Court case decades ago that clarified that businesses — it was mail-order at that time because the Internet did not exist — that mail-order companies could not be required to collect sales tax in states where they didn’t have what’s called “nexus.”

And that’s a very clear decision.
This is, of course, entirely accurate. Of course, Bezos also points out that Amazon would be perfectly happy with Congress stepping in and creating a sales tax system that works across states. There's been an ongoing effort for years, called the Streamlined Sales Tax Initiative, which tries to align all of the states and their sales tax practices, to avoid every company from having to follow 50 different sales tax laws. Bezos notes that Amazon would support such an initiative:
Our point of view on this is that we should simplify the sales tax system, and we’ve been consistent on this for about 10 years. It’s called the Streamlined Sales Tax Initiative. I think 22 or 23 states have signed onto it. Because the right way to fix this is with federal legislation. That’s where it can be fixed properly.

Sales tax collection is very complicated. And, you know, we’re no different from big chains of retailers — they don’t collect sales taxes in states where they don’t have nexus, either. So everybody is following the same rules. And I don’t think our customers would say, “Why don’t you just optionally collect the tax? I know you’re not required to do it, but aw, go ahead.”
This is actually a pretty big issue. It makes sense that companies shouldn't have to collect sales tax in states where they have no employees. Not only does it create a massive bureaucratic nightmare (especially for smaller e-commerce players), but it actually acts as disincentive to sell into those states. On top of that, the point of the sales tax is supposed to be about supporting the local infrastructure for those retailers (roads, and such). But if you have no local presence, there's a much weaker argument that such taxation is needed. Still, I have no doubt that eventually sales tax will be standardized at the federal level in some format or another, just because the government can't resist a chance to tax -- especially a tax that can be seen as regressive, like a sales tax.

Filed Under: interstate commerce, jeff bezos, sales tax, states
Companies: amazon


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  1. identicon
    John Doe, 19 May 2011 @ 5:27am

    Re: Re: right and wrong

    At the end of the day, Amazon may not have a foot in my state, but if they are selling products to my state, then need to be collecting sales tax in my state

    Uh, not according to the law they don't. If you want them to pay tax in your state, get the law changed.

    As for reporting sales tax on my income taxes, not going to happen. I am not going to track my mail order purchases throughout the year so that I can pay tax on them. Personally, I don't see how that is even legal because that amounts to taxing interstate commerce which is against federal law. So until federal law changes, retailers aren't going to collect the tax and consumers aren't going to pay it.

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