How To Make The Patent System Even Worse: Make Patent Validity Incontestable

from the are-these-people-serious? dept

There are, as we've noted over the years, all sorts of serious problems with the patent system, especially in how it acts as a toll on innovation, and creates seriously backwards incentives (i.e., you're often better off not developing a product at all, but waiting for someone else to do so, so you can sue them). One of the many problems with the system is the famed "presumption of validity." The argument here is that once a patent is granted, everyone has to presume it's valid. This makes little common sense when you think about it. A patent is generally examined by someone for just a few days' worth of time before they determine whether or not the applicant deserves a multi-year monopoly on the invention. While the examiners may be quite knowledgeable, no single person can accurately understand either all of the relevant prior art on the subject or what is considered obvious to those skilled in the art. In other words, it's common for mistakes to be made. In fact, even the USPTO seems to recognize that it's pretty bad about getting patents right. If you look at the stats, you discover that 92% of re-exam requests are granted, and 3 out of every 4 such re-exams result in adjustments or total rejections. In other words, on the patents that are being asserted regularly (which are the ones where re-exams are requested), the majority of the time, the Patent Office admits it got the original patent wrong.

That would certainly suggest that it's not wise to consider a granted patent "valid."

In fact, that's much of what the current Microsoft v. i4i case -- which is on the Supreme Court docket -- is about. That lawsuit is to determine whether or not the standard used to judge patent validity is too high.

So it seems almost laughable, then, to hear a suggestion that things should move in the other direction. However, some of the patent systems loudest defenders are now proposing that patents should become incontestable after a period of five years, meaning that no one would be able to contest the validity of those patents, even if the evidence suggests the patent was granted in error. It's hard to fathom how this possibly makes sense. The only explanation given is that it would make patents more valuable -- as if they weren't valuable enough already. But, of course, that's laughable. It's based on either confusion about economics or the patent system itself. The point of the patent system is to "promote the progress." Focusing on making patents more valuable suggests these people believe the point of the patent system is to get more patents. But the two things are not the same. Making patents incontestable, especially in cases when a patent is not valid does not promote the progress. It does the opposite.

Filed Under: patents, validity

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  1. identicon
    Dburn, 4 Jan 2011 @ 11:25am


    Having been through some minor patent battles as the check signer and decision maker, it gives me a pain to think that the validity of a patent is almost wholly dependant on how much money someone has to throw at it. This is when being right means being wrong.

    Inevitably, small inventors are at an extreme disadvantage as are small companies when the other side is either being bankrolled by big money or it's a big busin4ess that is trying to keep a broad crappy patent alive and well by virtue of money. Often, Bankruptcy is a direct or indirect consequence of such a lopsided playing feild.

    As a result, the first adjustment they should make , is how to monetarily even the playing feild when a patent dispute arises. Money should never define the validity or invalidity of a patent.

    The rest is mildly interesting but it's not even close to the crux of the real problem which ultimately holds down all kinds of innovation which we desperately need right now.

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