Chipping Away At Fair Use: Judge Suggests AP Would Win Obama Hope Poster Case
from the fair-use-is-dying dept
If you don't recall, the lawsuit is over Shepard Fairey's iconic Obama Hope poster. For over a year, no one knew what image it was based on, until a photojournalist pieced it together, and even got the photographer who took the original photograph to admit that he hadn't realized the poster was based on his photograph. That photographer, Mannie Garcia, even talked about how cool it was, and didn't seem upset by the issue at all, saying he hoped he might get a "signed litho" from Fairey. We wondered, at the time, if the AP, notoriously aggressive in its draconian interpretation on copyright law might get upset -- and, indeed, weeks later, the AP suddenly demanded money for the use of the photo:
It seemed like an open and shut case of fair use. The image was clearly transformative -- such that no one recognized where the original image came from for over a year, including both the original photographer and the company that claimed to hold the rights on it, despite both seeing the poster multiple times (and, in the case of the AP, using images of the poster in its own work). The idea that this poster harmed the market for the original image is laughable. The poster was also used for a non-profit political campaign, and Fairey donated any proceeds from the poster to charity. It practically screams fair use. This is what fair use was created to protect.
Ah, but then we found out that Fairey was an idiot. For no reason whatsoever, he went out and destroyed evidence in the case and lied to the court about what image he had used. It boggles the mind as to why he would do this. He had such a strong case, and in lying and destroying evidence he shot a huge hole through his credibility (and opened himself up to criminal liability).
Who knows what impact that actually had on the judge, but the fact that the judge is already claiming that the AP will clearly win this case in the end, suggests it certainly didn't help. And, because of that, we may end up with a ridiculous ruling on the books that an image that is about as fair use as you could possibly dream up is somehow not fair use.
The really amazing thing in all of this is that the AP itself doesn't seem to realize how much it relies on expansive fair use in its reporting. Even though the judge has more or less handicapped the case significantly in the AP's favor, the AP wants a clear ruling that the image is not fair use:
"Our primary objective is to make it clear to the world that The Associated Press is the copyright owner of that photograph and what he did was not fair use under copyright law," [AP lawyer] Dale Cendali said. "The Associated Press truly has been aggrieved here."Wait, what?!? "Aggrieved"? How? Seriously. How has the AP lost anything here. This photo was a forgotten photo in the AP's vast archives before photojournalist Tom Gralish figured out where the original came from. Since then, however, that AP photo has received a ton of attention, all because of this silly stunt of a lawsuit. The only way in which the AP might actually be "aggrieved" is if it wins this abomination of copyright law, and stamps out one more clear case of fair use. Because it will almost certainly come back to haunt the AP. As a news publisher, it relies on expansive fair use to do its work. Taking that right away from others is an incredibly misguided move. That a judge has already made clear he's siding with the AP is troubling enough. That the AP still wants to push ahead is even worse.