by Derek Kerton

Filed Under:
korea, wibro, wimax

WiBro's 'Success' Not Boding Well For WiMax

from the ouch dept

Many people confuse the future with the present. For years, I've heard variations of the following phrase at numerous conferences and multiple articles: "Well WiMAX is here so it has a huge time to market advantage over -blank-." The author or speaker usually then moves on to cite how WiBRO is entrenched in Korea, and Sprint will have Chicago and DC hooked up by end 2007, so WiMAX is here. Citing future dates, and using the present tense is a grade-school error, and the future has ways of making fools of soothsayers. The end of the year is fast approaching, and the news out of Sprint is about a failed partnership, not a pilot launch. Meanwhile, back in Korea, WiBRO is still faltering. WiBRO was a proprietary deviation of mobile WiMAX that the Korean government promoted because they didn't want to wait for WiMAX, and they wanted to drive the standard by getting out of the gate early. But back in September 2006 after 3 months of service, the 2 WiBRO networks in Korea had attracted 479 and 15 subscribers. By February 2007 KT was up to 906 users while SK Telecom (a former employer of mine) was at 151. We joked that that represented a staggering 1,000% growth since September!

In the latest news out of Korea, Telecoms Korea reports that 17 months after launch, SKT's WiBRO has fewer than 1,000 subscribers. What an abysmal record. Of course, it's reminiscent of the early days of FOMA or of Hutch 3 UK. It's tough to shoulder the growing pains of a new technology that was launched before its time. Arrows in the back are the common reward. The government is pressuring the carrier to continue deployment of the network to meet regulatory minima. SKT will respond by increasing the number of "Hotzones" from 56 in 23 cities to 100 in 42 cities, and will eventually upgrade to Wave 2 which should double speed and capacity. Of course, as is typical of WiMAX rhetoric, it'll be hard to get clarity on whether they mean "double speed AND double capacity at the same time" or whether it really means "double speed and thereby double capacity". WiMAX now may be entering the "trough of disillusionment," but that doesn't mean it's dead in the water. If they can get the darned thing to work well, the global reference cases of WiBRO and Sprint's Xohm will shine like a beacon. If they don't get it to work in 2008, it'll be more like bacon...fried.

Reader Comments

Subscribe: RSS

View by: Time | Thread

  • identicon
    Anonymous Coward, 20 Nov 2007 @ 5:56pm

    Wtf is WiBro and WiMax?

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    boomhauer (profile), 20 Nov 2007 @ 6:45pm


    i love that first comment...

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Tim, 20 Nov 2007 @ 7:02pm

    All in a name

    If they renamed WiBro WiiBro it might take off.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Mark, 20 Nov 2007 @ 7:31pm

    WiMAX ads

    As you read the article and comments, look to the right to see the plethora of links for WiMAX.

    As I'm writing this, there are WiMAX certs available from Doceotech.com. Enjoy.

    Mark - http://fred09.com

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Tony, 20 Nov 2007 @ 7:36pm

    Maybe not dead yet

    I think you may be discounting the ability for Cisco to have an impact on the adoption of WiMax. With their recent acquisition of Navini Networks they may have a huge opportunity to do so. Having worked for Navini (years ago when it was new) I have seen the promise of that proprietary solution. Since then Navini has been a huge influnce in the industry and still has the only beamforming base station antennas (which might well make the difference). That's a really sweet and very effective solution. I know they have clients all over the world that are testing it out and I also know it's very successful. Now that they have the deep pockets and QA provided by Cisco, and Cisco gets a product that's already gotten alot of the bugs out, it may very well provide a platform that is capable of making WiMax a viable and affordable solution. Look for it in your neighborhood in 2008-2009. :)

    Well, that may be a bit optimisic, but the point is with the synergy created by the acquisition, the market could actually start to move an a direction more amenable to the widespread adoption of WiMax or whatever WiMax morphs into.

    But then, what do I know?

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Alfred E. Neuman, 20 Nov 2007 @ 7:51pm

    HaHaHa - this is too easy

    Don't Wii me Bro

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Mark, 20 Nov 2007 @ 7:59pm


    Is it faster than CDPD, EDGE, 1XRTT, EVDO? Yes trolls, CDPD is and has been used for years as a standard. While the throughput is painfully lacking, it sufficed in the transimission of text and other non bandwidth hogging applications. 19.2k, but 9.x something w/ error correction. At least this is what I remember from my Omnisky days....

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Shun, 20 Nov 2007 @ 8:07pm

    Why did it fail?

    Specifically, we should be asking why did WiMax never even get off the ground? I would blame a combination of regulation and technology hurdles. Also, there seemed to be a distinct lack of enthusiasm from the part of vendors to push WiMax.

    One problem: lack of universal spectrum allocation. Vendors do not want to create devices which transmit/receive in the 2.5GHz spectrum in one country, then re-engineer everything to fit a different spectrum allocation for another country. For one thing, it makes cross-border traffic hairy.

    This issue could be solved by using software defined radios, as this article shows. So maybe the WiMax tech just wasn't ready for prime time.

    I think it had more to do with lackluster uptake by vendors. Vendors, with the notable exception of Intel, were happy to sit on their laurels and push 802.11g, pre-N, and Draft-N versions of the home wireless products. Nice try, folks, but that isn't going to overthrow the telcos (not that telco liberation is a stated corporate goal of any wireless vendor). Also, one of the proponents of WiMax was Sprint, before their split with Clearwire. Makes you wonder if Sprint was in the game to slow everybody else down, or if they had a genuine interest in getting WiMax off the ground.

    All in all, another day in the life of duopoly America. I think the reason WiBro was a non-starter in Korea is that South Korea already has the second fastest wired network in the world. They can't complain that their incumbent is holding them back. North Korea, on the other hand...

    Perhaps WiMax was another technology "solution looking for a problem" but it seemed like there were distinct problems that WiMax could have solved. Those WiMax demo projects that Intel sponsored seemed to emphasize that WiMax could be deployed, relatively cheaply, to remote isolated communities, or to link areas of hostile/rugged terrain. Indeed, WiMax could have piggybacked on the same towers used by mobile operators in the developing world. Maybe those mobile telco's were jealous?

    Well, it looks like Cisco might take up the banner, but if I were a betting man, and I believed WiMax had a future, I would only expect one company to really take WiMax out of the garage and deploy it across the U.S.: Google.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Tony, 20 Nov 2007 @ 8:44pm

    RE: Why did it fail?

    Maybe, but Google doesn't manufacture WiMax radios. It's not likely that they would begin such an endeavor either. So that leaves 3rd party vendors. They already have a relationship with Cisco AND Cisco now has the best, most tested and reliable WiMax product available.

    God, I sound like and advertisement. Blah! I actually dislike the people at Navini (save one), but the product is a fine one.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Glenn Fleishman, 20 Nov 2007 @ 10:05pm

    Some mischaracterizations?

    I don't want to sound like a WiBooster, but I think some of the characterizations of WiBro and WiMax are wrong.

    * Sprint/Clearwire's deal clearly couldn't go forward with an interim head. Calling the deal's failure to consummate a "failed partnership" overstates the situation, I fear. The most likely scenario is a new CEO of Sprint spins off 2.5 GHz licenses (or leases them) to a new firm that they have a majority stake in that merges with Clearwire with additional Intel investment.

    * WiBro isn't deployed like cellular or even Clearwire's pre-WiMax Expedience. My understanding is that the low subscriber rate has nothing to do with the technology, and everything to do with the fact that the service is in limited zones, not across entire cities. I don't know if that's still the case, but the story you link to makes it sound as if it is. It's hard to sell a ubiquitous service that's in a limited area.

    * The WiBro technology may have been a proprietary version of WiMax at one point, but the WiMax Forum states pretty clearly that WiBro is now encompassed inside a profile.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • icon
    Derek Kerton (profile), 21 Nov 2007 @ 12:22am


    Hey, lots of people above taking my post, and saying "See, WiMAX is dead". I'm pretty sure I just showed some serious glitches. I concluded with "If they can get the darned thing to work well, the global reference cases of WiBRO and Sprint's Xohm will shine like a beacon..." And I really don't know if they will succeed or not. I just know that they haven't yet.

    Glenn, I tend to agree with you on your bullet 1. See my third bullet at http://www.techdirt.com/blog/wireless/articles/20071009/132307.shtml

    But I don't agree with your second bullet. Every wireless solution needs to beat the chicken versus egg problem. But there has to be a reason that SKT and KTF both bid for the spectrum, yet are not competing to deploy faster than one another. With how great we're told WiMAX is, and how the economies are *so* much better than cellular, what's the hold-up?

    And your third point is absolutely true. But joining a standards body with an incompatible version that is stamped "WiMAX" does not mean the WiBRO solution is compatible. It doesn't matter unless they inter-operate and provide economies of scale in production. This is exactly like FOMA and W-CDMA when 3G was launched early in Japan.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

    • identicon
      Glenn Fleishman, 21 Nov 2007 @ 12:42pm

      Re: Response

      Derek, I think we're actually in accord on point 2: You're talking about the deployment decision (why in god's name did they get spectrum only to sit on it); I'm talking about how it's not a reflection of market if they can't seem to actually build the network. There's the chicken and egg, of course: if the market were there, they'd build it out.

      My take is that WiBro devices are too expensive and power hungry, and that the early gear being used in South Korea just doesn't meet the spec. The stuff that's starting to trickle out now and will be available in quantity in 2008 is more like what you need to make a real investment.

      Or so I think.

      reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Alaric, 21 Nov 2007 @ 7:49am

    WiMAX doing okay. Intel's BS not so good.

    One really can not judge the viability of a tech from a deployment that offers limited coverage especially when it competes with one of the best EV-DO networks on the planet.

    Wibro and WiMAX have the same problems though. They will largely compete with very established networks and sometimes carriers (in the case of a greenfield wimax deployment) without really offering much of an improvement in economics or throughout unless accompanied by a vast amount of spectrum.

    Sprint has a vast amount of spectrum but sprint has lots of other problems.

    I'd furthermore note that WiMAX is doing pretty well in its pre intel BS application of fixed wireless.

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    Tim Swanson, 22 Nov 2007 @ 1:27am

    WiBro is overrated

    In fact, the entire country of South Korea is overrated in terms of being a mecca for technology.

    I've lived here since the summer and have been unimpressed with the hype.

    Here's an essay I put together discussing that general topic as well as the failure of WiBro: http://www.mises.org/story/2661

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

  • identicon
    gccambridge, 27 Feb 2008 @ 8:35pm

    Hmmm... Is all that bad?

    According to KT, they have over 100,000 users to their WiBro network )end 2007) and are planning for more than 400,000 by the end of this year (as per Dr. Hyun Pyo Kim, director of WiBro planning for Korea Telecom).

    In India, Telsima is deploying WiMAX in 250 cities (TATA and Reliance)... The Domincan Republic already has two commercial 802.16e networks (launched in October 07 and just last week) incumbent BB pricing has dropped more than 20% in response... The Philippines has seen SmartPLDT (largest mobile carrier in the country) pretty much stop spending on DSL infrastructure, putting their $ instead on a pre-WiMAX look a alike system (Moto Canopy actually), sub growth is exceeding their expectations and they now have more subs on it than DSL... I could keep going...

    Sprint is only half (or not really even half) of the WiMAX story... The real story is emerging market and it is not "mobility" (for the time being that is) but all about having some level of broadband connectivity...

    WiMAX is not "going to take over the world" and kick cellular out (3G, HSDPA, etc.) - not even close. The spend on WiMAX will be but a fraction. But the point is, the market is growing for real reasons based on un-hyped business cases that work - basic BB connectivity - rather than refrigerators with WiMAX chips in them...

    As for Sprint... Ultimately, technology alone is not going to save them... It will take more than that...

    reply to this | link to this | view in chronology ]

Add Your Comment

Have a Techdirt Account? Sign in now. Want one? Register here
Get Techdirt’s Daily Email
Use markdown for basic formatting. HTML is no longer supported.
  Save me a cookie
Follow Techdirt
Special Affiliate Offer

Report this ad  |  Hide Techdirt ads
Essential Reading
Techdirt Deals
Report this ad  |  Hide Techdirt ads
Techdirt Insider Chat
Report this ad  |  Hide Techdirt ads
Recent Stories
Report this ad  |  Hide Techdirt ads


Email This

This feature is only available to registered users. Register or sign in to use it.