Defense Of Pharmaceutical Patents Still Not Adding Up

from the something-doesn't-seem-right-here dept

The pharmaceutical industry is a very interesting one when it comes to discussions of intellectual property. Even among those who dislike patents in other places, the pharmaceutical industry is held up as an example where it absolutely does make sense. However, there are reasons to question this -- and two recent stories help highlight some of the questions around the belief that patents are necessary in pharmaceuticals. The question, of course, is complicated greatly by the moral questions involving lives on the line -- but even setting that aside, there are reasons to believe patents aren't just unnecessary, but potentially damaging. Nobel Prize winning economist Joseph Stiglitz has been on quite a rampage over the past few years, publishing articles every few months pointing out how patents slow down pharmaceutical innovation. Meanwhile, economists David Levine and Michele Boldrin have a whole chapter in their book on intellectual property that shows that pharmaceutical industries have done fine even in countries that don't allow drugs to be covered by patents. Within our own government, the GAO released a report late last year noting that patents are harming drug development.

More recently, this has flared up with the stories about pharmaceuticals in Thailand. Thailand has decided to ignore the patents on an AIDS drug and a heart-disease drug for the good of its own people -- leading some to bizarrely suggest that "it's a wonder" that drug companies still invest in drug research. As David Levine points out, does anyone actually believe that no one would have invested in AIDS research if they knew that Thailand would ignore the patents? The story is made even more ridiculous by one pharmaceutical firm's announcement that it will no longer sell drugs in Thailand because of the government's decision. This seems doubly stupid. By refusing to market their own drugs there, they simply guarantee that the entire market goes to other providers.

And, as for the biggest question about how pharmaceutical companies can make back money if exact replicas in the form of generic pills are on the market, it appears that's not quite as big a problem as the pharmaceutical industry (and patent system fans) would have you believe. Stephen Dubner over at the Freakonomics blog has a post about differential pricing in the pharmaceutical industry that points to a Wall Street Journal article on the same topic. While the core of both articles is about how the difference in drug prices (mainly for generic drugs) between pharmaceuticals is huge, a secondary point of interest is that the brand name off-patent drugs still command a noticeable premium over the generic copycats. It turns out that brand certainly does matter for drugs (especially in the US, where direct consumer advertising of drugs is allowed). So with all of that, it's hard to see how the claims that generic drugs (being identical to the patented versions) destroy the market for the original drug holds up. Just like any other competitive industry, being first and having an identifiable brand (even with identical copycat products) allows the originator to command noticeable premiums.

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  1. identicon
    RandomThoughts, 18 Mar 2007 @ 12:50pm

    I have two points, but the comment on generics not being the same drug is just plain wrong. An FDA approved generic has exactly the same active ingredients, has exactly the same strength, works exactly the same in the body as the branded drug. There is no difference and when a generic is available, people should use them.

    MJR1007, so drug companies should not spend money on drugs but on how to make their clinical trials cheaper? Trust me, they are investing in making clinical trials more efficient, but clinical trials will only get more expensive as the FDA and the general public requires larger and larger trials to ensure that drugs don't hit the market and ends up killing subsets that might have been missed in a smaller trial.

    Lifestyle I agree with, lead a healthy lifestyle and you will be healthier.

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