Setting up a collection society as mentioned in #2 is dangerous on many levels.
1. Who do we declare a news originator? Is this compulsory for anybody who publishes to the internet? Seems that this would favor the large publications.
2. How do you verify the first source for a news story? Multiple sources could cover an event at the same time. How do you know which one "deserves" the license?
3. Everyone is now a publisher. Would I need a license to link and comment about a story in my twitter feed? We have already seen this with ASCAP now asking mechanics to pay performance fees for having a radio on in the garage.
Also groups like ASCAP have shown to have many issues of their own. Take a look at a few examples.