Advisory Panel Offers Suggestions To Strengthen US Cybersecurity, But Is The Government Capable Of Change?

from the is-government-too-big-to-learn? dept

The President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (abbreviated unfortunately as PCAST) has just released a report dealing with the nation's hottest topic since terrorism: cybersecurity. The report's writers include a host of professors from a variety of scientific pursuits, along with a few corporate figures from the tech world, including Google's Eric Schmidt and Microsoft's Craig Mundie.

The report's suggestions aren't half-bad.

Overarching Finding: Cybersecurity will not be achieved by a collection of static precautions that, if taken by Government and industry organizations, will make them secure. Rather, it requires a set of processes that continuously couple information about an evolving threat to defensive reactions and responses.
What's being suggested makes sense. But logic means nothing when confronted with bureaucratic processes. The government, as a whole, isn't a nimble beast. "Static precautions" are top speed for the behemoth. Turning it into a swift, reactive entity may be an impossibility.

Evidence of the government's inability to craft functioning and secure software exists everywhere. Currently, everyone's attention has been drawn to the government's healthcare site, which has been plagued with problems since it went live and weeks later, after an overhaul, still underperforms and plays fast and loose with personal data.

Entities where cybersecurity is even more crucial aren't much better. It took the FBI more than decade and several hundred million dollars (spread across two contractors) to come up with functioning software. The DEA is still using Windows Server 2003, despite the NSA's warnings that the outdated software contains serious security flaws. The Pentagon's network of unrelated computers is even worse. According to a Reuters investigation, the Pentagon still relies on a variety of different computers, some dating back to the 1970s. Ancient file formats and arcane file management processes make searching for older records a nightmare.

So, nimble the government is not. PCAST's recommendations do use a lighter tone than the multiple damning GAO reports covering the same ground, but the underlying message is the same. The government may be able to improve, but it seldom shows the desire to, as the first finding points out.
Finding 1: The Federal Government rarely follows accepted best practices. It needs to lead by example and accelerate its efforts to make routine cyberattacks more difficult by implementing best practices for its own systems.
This is a non-starter, as years of failing grades from GAO investigators can attest. Problems that existed a half-decade ago still exist today. Each subsequent report says the same thing: recommendations were made but little evidence was uncovered that these suggestions were ever communicated to those responsible, much less deployed.
Finding 2: Many private-sector entities come under some form of Federal regulation for reasons not directly related to national security. In many such cases there is opportunity, fully consistent with the intent of the existing enabling legislation, for promoting and achieving best practices in cybersecurity.
This one has problems as well. What this looks like is an invitation for the government to use the heavy hand of regulation to force private entities to rise to a level of security the government itself is unwilling to obtain.

The government should use its existing powers to ensure private entities protect the sensitive data it gathers on Americans during the course of business (rather than use this as an opportunity to expand power, as the report points out), but it's highly hypocritical to hold businesses to a higher standard than it applies to itself.
Finding 3: Industry-driven, but third-party-audited, continuous-improvement processes are more likely to create an effective cybersecurity culture than are Government-mandated, static lists of security measures.
This goes back to the overarching finding.
Finding 4: To improve the capacity to respond in real time, cyberthreat data need to be shared more extensively among private-sector entities and—in appropriate circumstances and with publicly understood interfaces—between private-sector entities and Government.
For this to work best, this needs to be voluntary (and encouraged by proper incentives), rather than presented as "mandatory" (or worse, "compelled") -- especially in terms of feeding info to the government. Private entities may also be reluctant to share with others in their own field for fear of exposing sources or methods. This, too, is problematic and cannot be solved simply by attempting to legislate the reluctance away.
Finding 5: Internet Service Providers are well-positioned to contribute to rapid improvements in cybersecurity through real-time action.
Of all the things I'm worried about in this list of suggestions, this is my chief concern. Everything said here is true. ISPs are in a better position to gain unique insight on attacks. The problem is, when faced with the daunting task overhauling its own processes and practices, the government may instead decide to toss the problem to ISPs and let them do the work -- and shoulder the blame.

Once again, this needs to lean towards voluntary to have any chance at success. A utopian projection would see industry and the government working hand-in-hand to repel cyberattacks. But buck-passing and scapegoating usually falls heavily on the private sector in the event of a failure -- the sort of thing that doesn't engender cooperative relationships.
Finding 6: Future architectures will need to start with the premise that each part of a system must be designed to operate in a hostile environment. Research is needed to foster systems with dynamic, real-time defenses to complement hardening approaches.
This is solid advice as well, but doing so will mean more thoroughly vetting potential contractors, as well as carefully overseeing each step of the process. Again, history shows us that government agencies are willing to hire contractors despite their past (often massive) failures. If a responsive, secure system is going to be built, it needs to be done by the right people and tested thoroughly throughout development. It can't just be tossed to the lowest bidder and peeked in on occasionally. That's how you end up with a $500 million system that has to be scrapped as soon as it goes live.

The problem with recommendations like these is that it's almost guaranteed they will never be acted upon with any sincerity. They may get folded in with half-baked efforts aimed at cybersecurity, but what's being recommended is fundamental change.

Lawmakers have pushed various versions of cybersecurity legislation, almost all of which is aimed at gutting protections in the private sector and increasing government power. The biggest torchbearers for the "cyberwar" threat helm agencies that have vested interests in weakening private sector security. The government is largely unwilling to clean up its own backyard and this report, no matter how on point or well-written, won't change that.



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    Christenson, Dec 10th, 2013 @ 3:33pm

    LOWERING the bar...

    Oh, you mean the heavy hand of government is going to come along and mandate I use WORSE security practices than I would otherwise???

    Vunderbar!!!!

    Oh, and if you want to know why I had an off-internet Win98 computer on my desk last year, it was because of DRM issues on a piece of old, but critical software(a debugger for a wierd target) that I couldn't get access to. Finally got it onto a virtual XP box, but it still has to live in the past for the stupid DRM.

     

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    Anonymous Coward, Dec 10th, 2013 @ 4:49pm

    Meet the new boss--same as the old boss

    I've worked in security for decades. I've seen the reports, the committees, the laws, the regulations, the procedures, the checklists, the audits, the initiatives, the roundtables, the mandates, I've seen it all.

    None of it has ever worked. It's not working. It's not going to work.

    What works is giving authority to experienced hard-nosed people and letting them do what they know how to do.

    Let me give you an example. Most people know about Spamhaus because of their anti-spam blacklists -- which are quite good, albeit insufficient. But one of the things that Spamhaus also does is publish the DROP (Do not Route Or Peer) list. It's a list of network allocations that are 100% given over to known spammers, phishers, and abusers. They update it frequently. I've used it and checked it for years and have never found a mistake in it -- that is, they're thorough.

    As a result, it is presently a BCP in network defense to refuse to accept or send traffic to networks on the DROP list. Not filter it. Not check it. Not sanitize it. Just drop it on the floor and move on.

    Exercise for the reader: try to find any government agency at any level (federal, state, local) in the US that is actually doing this.

    That is one of several hundred egregious mistakes that are being made on a daily basis -- which is why the report cited here will, in the end, simply be another in a long line of total failures. What's needed aren't more reports: what's needed are people to whom things like the DROP list are second nature, things they do automatically.

    Otherwise, well, "government IT security" will continue to be the laughingstock of the world.

     

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    Daniel, Dec 10th, 2013 @ 5:03pm

    Could be worse...

    Could be worse... "President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology" could have been "President's Council of Advisors on Technology and Science", in other words PCATS instead of PCAST.

     

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      ltlw0lf (profile), Dec 10th, 2013 @ 10:16pm

      Re: Could be worse...

      in other words PCATS instead of PCAST.

      I don't see this as worse. Everyone knows the only socially redeeming value of the internet is its abundance of cat videos. It is the only reason why my employer is connected to the internet and the only reason I use the internet.

      And at home, the internet solely exists for porn.

      /s

       

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    Londo Mollari (profile), Dec 10th, 2013 @ 5:40pm

    Government security is a very bad joke.

    If there is one single constant in this hideous abomination we call the US government, it is ineptitude. Asking them to implement actual security is like trying to get a straight answer from a Vorlon. It just won't happen. They could not even change a light bulb without convening half a dozen different committees to look into it, spending hundreds of millions of the people's dollars, and bickering over who is to blame when the bulb flickers because it was only screwed in halfway. The funny thing is, people pay to go to the circus when if they really wanted to see one, all they would have to do is spend a day in Congress.

     

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    Anon E. Mous (profile), Dec 10th, 2013 @ 8:29pm

    The government loves to throw money at shit like this.

    However with all the bureaucratic bumbling and the usually political interference and what's in it for me attitude that always prevails, it will get bogged down and go way over budget and then by the time they get even half finished the measures will be outdated like every other time they try to do this.

    The Cyber security and academic community has tried this with the government before. 58 different people that are specialists in Cyber Security offered the government their help out of concern, and the government turned their nose up at it because it didn't see a problem.

     

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    That One Guy (profile), Dec 11th, 2013 @ 12:36am

    They missed one...

    Finding 0: Immediately order the termination of any government project aimed at deliberately weakening or sabotaging cyber-security measures, under the completely incorrect assumption that other groups with nefarious intentions will not be willing or able to take advantage of the security holes created.

    Not addressing that significant factor is like double checking the locks on a door, while ignoring the person that comes along afterwards and removes the hinges holding the door up.

     

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    Ninja (profile), Dec 11th, 2013 @ 2:36am

    Laws can't fix what's systematically broken. They can actually break even more.

     

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