Photographer Sues Desmond Howard For Infringement; Howard Counters With 'Publicity Rights'

from the desmond-howard-heisman-trophy-pose-feat.-desmond-howard's-trophy-pose dept

This has the potential to be loooooong story but I'll try to keep it short. It involves multiple counts of alleged copyright infringement by some pretty big names in the business, but the real story is someone striking after the iron has spent 20 years cooling.

Brian Masck is a photographer whose claim to fame is the iconic photo of Desmond Howard striking the "Heisman pose" after scoring a touchdown for Michigan. Twenty-two years later, Desmond Howard, along with Sports Illustrated, Getty Images, Fathead, Nissan and a host of others, are being sued for copyright infringement by Masck.

There's a pretty lengthy (and inadvertently comical) filing included. If you're tired of reading boring legal filings filled with boring legal language, you'll find plenty to enjoy in Masck's lawsuit, which spends more than 60 paragraphs recounting the story of this photo. Much of it reads like a painfully earnest biography and includes plenty of extraneous details rarely found in lawsuits, including the photographer's years as a college student and relevant darkroom experience.

Masck, who had already learned to take his camera with him everywhere, was the only photographer on site when Kelly was arrested. And that is why he was able to sell his photograph to the national media...

When Brian refused to stop taking pictures of the incident, he was arrested, along with the Daily's editor, who was protesting Brian's arrest. All charges were eventually dropped, but you could say Brian, who had just turned 20 years old, was earning his photojournalism credentials...

Little did either of them anticipate before the game that the foresight, perceptive planning and skill of one of them would facilitate the creation of a college football icon, let alone a broader cultural touchstone.
And so on.

That's just a couple of the filing's finer moments. There's plenty more where that came from, as well as some color photos to break up the wall of biographic text.

Here's a few of the details actually relevant to the case at hand.

- Masck didn't actually register the copyright on the photo until 20 years after he took it. He blames this on some bad legal advice from "his counsel at the time," who told him that SI's publishing of the photo (along with crediting the source) was as good as registering the copyright. It obviously isn't and this puts Masck in the position of proving actual damages and prevents him from collecting statutory damages.

- After registering the photo, Masck subtly altered his original in order to track its unauthorized use. (You can see a MS Painted version of the photo pointing out the changes on p. 32 of the filing.) He removed the logo from one glove and slightly extended the lettering on the football. He found this altered version posted at Desmond Howard's website and among the products being sold by Fathead.

- Masck registered "thetrophypose.com" in 2011. If you're looking for anything related to this specific "iconic shot," Masck probably has it for sale. It's a very singular website that caters exclusively to Desmond Howard fans who are looking to decorate their home with various Desmond Howard "trophy pose" merchandise. Unfortunately, this probably limits his potential audience to Desmond Howard, who has his own website dedicated to all things Desmond Howard. (There's more to this story as well, but we're getting to that.)

- Masck also drags the Lanham Act (something usually associated with trademark violations) into the lawsuit, claiming "unfair competition." Jake McGowan (writing for Eric Goldman's blog) finds these claims questionable.
Masck also brings unfair competition claims alleging that the defendants caused confusion as to the origin of the Heisman Pose photo. The problem with these claims is that they are effectively trying to emulate copyright protection by stretching the language of the Lanham Act.

In Dastar v. Twentieth Century Fox, the Supreme Court struck down such an attempt:

[The phrase “origin of goods”] refers to the producer of the tangible goods that are offered for sale, and not to the author of any idea, concept, or communication embodied in those goods . . . To hold otherwise would be akin to finding that § 43(a) created a species of perpetual patent and copyright, which Congress may not do.
The Court stressed that the “creative talent” embodied in the work was not left without any protection--if it had qualified, it could still have been protected by copyright. This same reasoning should also apply to Masck’s work, because his claims are based on the defendants copying his photograph, not passing off his physical copies of the photograph as their own.
Masck filed his suit in January. McGowan's coverage of the filing in February contains this prescient note:
See the photo in question, and the plaintiff's attempts to merchandise it, at his "store." (Check out the number of times the site stuffs the phrase "Desmond Howard"--I could see why this might raise some issues of its own).
That's exactly what it's done. The name "Desmond Howard" is used liberally throughout Masck's site. Desmond Howard isn't too happy with this, especially as he's been named in a lawsuit concerning a photo of himself.
It turns out that Howard is a bit upset that he's be sued over his own likeness — especially since he claims that he has never sold the photo or made any money off of it. So Howard and his lawyers have decided to file a massive countersuit against Masck, claiming that the photographer unlawfully used his image by selling merchandise featuring it online.
Howard is referring specifically to Masck’s website TheTrophyPose, which sells everything from life-sized cutouts to framed prints of the famed photograph. Howard also cites Masck’s facebook page “Desmond Howard’s ‘Trophy Pose’ 1991 Photo by Brian Masck,” which the lawsuit claims uses Howards name, likeness and photo, all without permission.
According to Masck's lawsuit, he discussed a partnership with Desmond Howard on more than one occasion. Howard apparently decided to go his own way (his personal site has a shop advertised on the front page but there's no live link yet), but he did post Masck's photo (the one with the telltale alterations) on his site, hence the copyright infringement allegations.

Howard seems amazed that Masck is attempting to run a business predicated on one photo of Desmond Howard. Masck feels Howard shafted him -- both on the business deal and with the unlicensed publication of his photo. Sports Illustrated and Nissan have both backed Howard's counterclaim and asked for the lawsuit to be dropped.

So far, no decisions have been made. The original lawsuit is still "live" and it appears Masck and the subject of his iconic photo will be squaring off in court to determine who gets to profit from this (20 years belated) enterprise. Frankly, I'm not seeing a huge upside in terms of sales, no matter which party the court decides for. It's very possible that potential profits will be outweighed by court costs. A few quick settlements would make Masck happy but Desmond Howard has kind of screwed up what seemed to be a rather straightforward (not counting the glowing biography/filing) infringement case.



Reader Comments (rss)

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  1. This comment has been flagged by the community. Click here to show it
     
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    out_of_the_blue, Apr 23rd, 2013 @ 10:04am

    Minion adds nothing but fog.

    The first link is concise. Why don't you guys try more of an accumulator "this is an interesting anomaly" format rather than try to pontificate? Definitely this one only obfuscates.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  2.  
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    Zakida Paul (profile), Apr 23rd, 2013 @ 10:07am

    Re: OOTB adds nothing but bollocks

    That's all

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  3.  
    identicon
    Edward Teach, Apr 23rd, 2013 @ 10:25am

    Adding Nothing But Fog

    It seems to me, as an uninterested observer, that by adding nothing but fog, media circus acts, blather, prevarication, waffling, quibbling, hair splitting and metric shed loads of blather, you can utterly ruin both The Court of Law and The Court of Public Opinion.

    I cite the OJ trial, The SCO Group's suit(s) against IBM and Novell, the JonBenet Ramsey investigation. Probably others exist that I can't easily bring to mind.

    In every one of these, large amounts of crap get generated and end up making a trial (fair or not) very difficult to impossible.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  4.  
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    Ninja (profile), Apr 23rd, 2013 @ 10:25am

    Talk about kicking a dead body...

    In an ideal world the football player wouldn't be able to claim ownership and the photographer wouldn't be able to sue over such blatant fair use case. But reality is a bit more complicated =/

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  5.  
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    Anonymous Coward, Apr 23rd, 2013 @ 10:30am

    Having both copyright, and publicity rights is guaranteed to make the lawyers rich, as it allows two different people to claim rights on the same 'intelectual' property when their is no contract to define who holds which rights. I blame it all on the lawyers inventing rights that allows them to convince clients to pay them to take legal action.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  6.  
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    Chosen Reject (profile), Apr 23rd, 2013 @ 10:36am

    Re:

    I'm not convinced the photo even deserves a copyright. I don't see much in the photo that is "creative" on the part of Masck. He didn't choose where to be sitting in relation to Howard, he didn't choose the lighting, he didn't choose the pose, he didn't choose the relative position of other players. The only thing Masck chose was when to take the picture, of what, and the framing. The framing is easily dropped by someone taking his photo and changing the framing (zooming in or whatever). Everything creative in this picture comes from Howard or sheer luck on Masck's part.

    Perhaps someone more knowledgeable about photography will prove me wrong. But as of now, if I were the judge, I'd be asking Masck why this photograph deserves copyright status at all.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  7.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Apr 23rd, 2013 @ 10:56am

    Re: Minion adds nothing but fog.

    From how successful you have been I don't think your advise would be useful. But you could always counter blog against TechDirt. Might make things interesting instead of just your normal trolling.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  8.  
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    Vidiot (profile), Apr 23rd, 2013 @ 11:50am

    "Frankly, I'm not seeing a huge upside in terms of sales, no matter which party the court decides for."

    But only one side brought suit to generate income; the countersuit was mostly about making the noise go away.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  9.  
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    jakerome (profile), Apr 23rd, 2013 @ 12:56pm

    Countdown...

    How long before the University of Michigan chimes in with a trademark claim? Gosh, all we're missing is a patent attorney and we'd have the grand slam of intellectual property: copyright, trademark, patent & publicity.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  10.  
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    Anonymous, Apr 23rd, 2013 @ 5:46pm

    My first thought about the headline was, "Who the F is Desmond Howard?".

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  11.  
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    Anonymous Coward, Apr 23rd, 2013 @ 6:50pm

    This could get really fun if the stadium jumped in with it's own copyright claim.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  12.  
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    Gerald Robinson (profile), Apr 24th, 2013 @ 9:39am

    Photos should not be elegable for copyright

    This points out the total fallacy of photos being copyrighted. Most competent photographers in the same situation would have produced essentially the same picture as would have most competent amateurs! Ansel Adams produced some iconic pictures of American landmarks. I contend that any skilled photographerógiven the same opportunitiesówould have produced similar results. Yes there is a creative element in photography, but skill is far more important to the end result.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  13.  
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    Gene Cavanaugh (profile), Apr 24th, 2013 @ 5:20pm

    Confusing ...

    Well, we start off with Masck being the idiot, and that somehow morphed into Howard "screwing (it) up".

    Don't explain, I am confused enough.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  14.  
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    rodrick, May 22nd, 2013 @ 11:08am

    jumpin far

    can desmond howard jump on this deeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee bitch

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]


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