EU Commissioner Kroes: Copyright Is 'A Tool To Punish And Withhold'; New Business Models, Not More Enforcement Needed

from the she-really-gets-it dept

Neelie Kroes is that rare thing: a politician who actually seems to understand digital technologies. Before she became the European Commissioner for Digital Agenda, her current post, she was European Commissioner for Competition, and in that capacity made a speech about open standards in 2008 that included the following interesting statements:
It is simplistic to assume that because some intellectual property protection is good, that such protection should therefore be absolute in all circumstances.
and
if we extend intellectual property protection for technology, then we should only do so when it is justified under intellectual property principles, i.e. on the basis of evidence that such extension will lead to more innovations and will therefore promote consumer welfare.
Those comments were about problems with the patent system, and now Kroes has brought her frankness to bear on copyright:
let's ask ourselves, is the current copyright system the right and only tool to achieve our objectives? Not really, I'm afraid. We need to keep on fighting against piracy, but legal enforceability is becoming increasingly difficult; the millions of dollars invested trying to enforce copyright have not stemmed piracy. Meanwhile citizens increasingly hear the word copyright and hate what is behind it. Sadly, many see the current system as a tool to punish and withhold, not a tool to recognise and reward.
That's pretty stunning stuff for an EU Commissioner to be saying, given the European Commission's whole-hearted support for ACTA, and its plans for IPRED 2. Kroes goes on:
We need to go back to basics and put the artist at the centre, not only of copyright law, but of our whole policy on culture and growth. In times of change, we need creativity, out-of-the-box thinking: creative art to overcome this difficult period and creative business models to monetise the art. And for this we need flexibility in the system, not the straitjacket of a single model. The platforms, channels and business models by which content is produced, distributed and used can be as varied and innovative as the content itself.
Again, that focus on new business models rather than ever-more punitive copyright enforcement is a refreshing recognition by a very senior European politician of the real problem facing the creative industries: their failure to adapt to the vastly-different business landscape created by the Internet. Kroes picks up on that theme in her conclusion:
There are many new ideas out there ideas, for example, like extended collective licensing as practised in Scandinavia, or other ideas that seek to both legitimise and monetise certain uses of works. Are these ideas the right ones to achieve our goals? I don't know. But too often we can't even try them out because of some old set of rules made for a different age whether it is the Berne Convention, the legislation exceptions and limitations on the VAT Directive or some other current law. So new ideas which could benefit artists are killed before they can show their merit, dead on arrival. This needs to change.

I can't set out for you now what the model should be and indeed it's not the kind of model that should be developed from the centre. Rather we need to create a framework in which a model or indeed several models can develop organically, flexibly, in ways that support artists.

I see how some European stakeholders see with horror the arrival of Netflix, or the expansion of iTunes. We need to react, not to be paralysed by fear. Let's take chances. As Zygmunt Bauman put it, "the function of culture is not to satisfy existing needs, but to create new ones".

So that's my answer: it's not all about copyright. It is certainly important, but we need to stop obsessing about that. The life of an artist is tough: the crisis has made it tougher. Let's get back to basics, and deliver a system of recognition and reward that puts artists and creators at its heart.
It's tremendously good news that Kroes has not only recognized these problems but is prepared to articulate them publicly. It suggests that at least someone within the European Commission gets it. Too bad, then, that Kroes seems to be as exceptional in that respect as in her grasp of the underlying digital technologies that are driving these huge changes.

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Reader Comments (rss)

(Flattened / Threaded)

  1.  
    identicon
    fogbugzd, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 11:25am

    It sounds to me like someone has been reading Techdirt.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  2.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 11:43am

    Quick, name a single Dutch film (without using a resource). Of course she is anti-copyright, her country's entire economy revolves around chocolate, bulbs and wooden shoes. Why should she care. According to this entry in Wikipedia, she'd nuttier than squirrel shit too, which makes her point of view all the more appropriate:

    "According to her husband, Bram Peper, from 1993 to 2001 Kroes relied on astrologers and clairvoyants for personal and business advice. Until 2004 Kroes maintained an office in the castle of Jan-Dirk Paarlberg, a real estate mogul who was convicted to four and a half years in prison for money-laundering and extortion. One of the astrologers advising Kroes during that time was Lenie Drent, who had been providing business advice to Paarlberg for decades."

     

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  3.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 11:44am

    "It sounds to me like someone has been reading Techdirt."

    And...

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  4.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 11:45am

    Re:

    Quick, name a single Dutch film

    Solder of Orange

     

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  5.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 11:46am

    Re:

    "...her country's entire economy revolves around chocolate, bulbs and wooden shoes."

    And they don't outsource a single thing!
    America should learn from them!

     

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  6.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 11:51am

    Re:

    "According to her husband, Bram Peper, from 1993 to 2001 Kroes relied on astrologers and clairvoyants for personal and business advice. Until 2004 Kroes maintained an office in the castle of Jan-Dirk Paarlberg, a real estate mogul who was convicted to four and a half years in prison for money-laundering and extortion. One of the astrologers advising Kroes during that time was Lenie Drent, who had been providing business advice to Paarlberg for decades."

    According to her EX-husband...
    she occasionally frequented astrologers and clairvoyants.
    (Did it work? Did she make money?)
    She had an office in a building owned by a convicted money-launderer.
    (I lived in a building owned by a drug dealer. And no, I didn't buy/sell/do drugs.)
    The building's owner used one of the astrologers she used.
    (And..."guilt by association" is back in fashion?)

     

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  7.  
    icon
    Richard (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 11:52am

    Re:

    Quick, name a single Dutch film (without using a resource). Of ....

    We're quick in with the Ad-Hominem's aren't we!

    Got any real arguments?

     

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  8.  
    identicon
    Rich, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 11:53am

    Re:

    Now THAT is an ad hominem.

     

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  9.  
    icon
    Richard (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 11:56am

    Re:

    Quick, name a single Dutch film (without using a resource).

    If you can name a single film produced by a country where the main language is not English and having a population no bigger than that of the Netherlands then you might have the beginnings of a point.

     

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  10.  
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    Gwiz (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 12:03pm

    Re:

    Quick, name a single Dutch film (without using a resource). Of course she is anti-copyright, her country's entire economy revolves around chocolate, bulbs and wooden shoes.

    Quick, name a country, anywhere, who's entire economy revolves around the film and music industries.

    Oh wait. You can't. I believe the figure is somewhere less than 0.5% of the GDP for any given country.

    G Thompson spells it out much more eloquently than I could here.

    So in light of all that, what was your point again?

     

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  11.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 12:06pm

    Misquote in the Title

    "Meanwhile citizens increasingly hear the word copyright and hate what is behind it. Sadly, many see the current system as a tool to punish and withhold, not a tool to recognise and reward."

    You titled your post to indicate that the politician said copywrite is a tool to punish and withold. When in fact the direct quote is, "Sadly, many see the current system as a tool to punish and withold..."

    She is not agreeing with that belief, she is not saying that those are her beliefs. To the contrary, she specifically says that it is regretfull that some people feel that way.

    D- Title Fail

     

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  12.  
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    Richard (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 12:16pm

    Re:

    her country's entire economy revolves around chocolate, bulbs and wooden shoes.

    I didn't know Philips or Shell made any of those.

     

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  13.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 12:24pm

    Re: Re:

    Textbook!

     

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  14.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 12:25pm

    Re:

    are you a victim of sexism or why are you trying to belittle her?

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  15.  
    icon
    Richard (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 12:26pm

    Re: Misquote in the Title

    Clutching at straws here aren't we?

    She is not agreeing with that belief, she is not saying that those are her beliefs. To the contrary, she specifically says that it is regretfull that some people feel that way.

    It's not clear that the source of her regret is the opinions of the "some people" or the actions of the authorities and copyright holders that have created those opinions, or simply that the situation has arisen. My reading is that it is one of the latter two.

    Of course, given her current position as a European civil servant (not an elected politician) it would be improper for her to express her own opinions anyway.

     

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  16.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 12:26pm

    Re:

    And... actually read and understood the content. Then made an intelligent argument as to why it is a bad law.

     

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  17.  
    icon
    Hulser (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 12:30pm

    The *people* should be the center, not the artists

    We need to go back to basics and put the artist at the centre, not only of copyright law, but of our whole policy on culture and growth.

    While I agree with the general principle that we shouldn't lock ourselves into the current IP model, I think the mess we have today with IP is a direct result of the hyper-focus on the artist over the interests of the population as a whole. The artist should not be at the center of any country's IP policy. Not only is it too easy for content industry to corrupt the system in the name of the artists, the system was not set up for the benefits of the artists. Benefiting the artists is a means to an end, not then end itself. Should we do our best to maximize justice for artists under any system? Sure, but this is a secondary goal, not central goal.

     

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  18.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 12:31pm

    Re: Misquote in the Title

    one sentence after this she says: "Speaking of economic reward: if that is the aim of our current copyright system, we're failing here too." --> "failing too", so she assumes a fail.

     

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  19.  
    icon
    Narcissus (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 12:32pm

    Re: Envious much

    "her country's entire economy revolves around chocolate, bulbs and wooden shoes"

    I'll speak up for my country because you seem stunningly ignorant about us.

    I'll have you know The Netherlands has a very nicely stable economy that is still showing some (small) growth, even in these difficult times. I'm going to go out on a limb here and assume you're American. How high was your unemployment again? 9% and going up? In NL it's lower than 5%, we have a reasonably balanced state budget plus we have very good universal health care and unemployment benefits etc. Additionally you might want to check the Dutch stock exchange because you might recognise some names there.

    So, please fix your own FFing country before dissing us because if anything is depressing our economy it's the mess YOU made. /Rant

    On an interesting note: Kroes is actually considered quite right wing in the Dutch politacl spectrum ;-)

     

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  20.  
    identicon
    Prisoner 201, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 12:33pm

    Re:

    That's right, when there is nothing you can object to in the actual argument, attack the person! Go you!

     

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  21.  
    icon
    The Groove Tiger (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 12:44pm

    Re:

    Somebody's about to have an unfortunate shmelting accident...

     

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  22.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 12:49pm

    Re: Re:

    Quick, name a single Dutch film (without using a resource). Of course she is anti-copyright, her country's entire economy revolves around chocolate, bulbs and wooden shoes.

    Quick, name a country, anywhere, who's entire economy revolves around the film and music industries.

    Oh wait. You can't. I believe the figure is somewhere less than 0.5% of the GDP for any given country.

    G Thompson spells it out much more eloquently than I could here.

    So in light of all that, what was your point again?


    Sorry, what percent of pirated content is Dutch? Something like .0000000001%?

     

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  23.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 12:56pm

    It is election time?

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  24.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 1:01pm

    Re: Re: Re:

    What percentage of the world's population is the Netherlands? Something like .0000000001?

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  25.  
    icon
    Gwiz (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 1:02pm

    Re: Re: Re:

    Sorry, what percent of pirated content is Dutch? Something like .0000000001%?

    Ahhh. I get what you are saying here, since the percentage of pirated content that is Dutch is low, they shouldn't get any say in the matter.

    I don't agree with that at all, but let's carry that line of thinking out further.

    Since the film and music industry only represent less than 1% GDP of the economy, their opinions on breaking the internet should be ignored and minimized also, right?

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  26.  
    icon
    Killer_Tofu (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 1:03pm

    Re: Re: Envious much

    On behalf of the more sane group of Americans I would like to apologize. While the d-bags do abound in our country, not all of us are jerks.

    I also dislike those who want the US to be insanely imperialistic and force our laws upon the rest of the world. As you can tell from TechDirt, there are quite a few of us who try to fight it.

    So again, sorry for the jerks of America and the messes they have caused around the world.

    - A level headed American

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  27.  
    icon
    mike allen (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 1:16pm

    Re: Re: Envious much

    go girl Holland is a great country I spent 2 lovely years there and found Holland had a better love of freedom than America had then, if SOPA gets law i hope the citizens of the USA wont mind being allowed to only view American sites though i will miss Techdirt which will of course be confined to the good ol USA.

     

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  28.  
    icon
    Richard (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 1:17pm

    Re: Re: Re:

    Sorry, what percent of pirated content is Dutch? Something like .0000000001%?

    I suggest you try telling the Dutch anti-piracy outfit (Brein) not to bother then - because they obviously don't have anything worth protecting - so they can all go home. I'd be very happy if they took your advice - because they have been one of the most aggressive players in Europe in recent years.

     

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  29.  
    identicon
    Bill M., Nov 21st, 2011 @ 1:19pm

    Summary

    Summary of what he said - "I'm a smart individual who understands creativity, innovation, technology, and capitalistic business models"

     

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  30.  
    icon
    Richard (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 1:20pm

    Re: Re: Re: Re:

    ps - it really comes to something when you don't care if you piss off someone who's on your side - just because they're foriegn!

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  31.  
    identicon
    Bill M., Nov 21st, 2011 @ 1:21pm

    Re: Summary

    Oops. Funny typo. She. Not He. I don't know what's wrong with my keyboard today, it keeps missing letters.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  32.  
    icon
    mike allen (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 1:25pm

    Re:

    not sure wht you mean USA coming up to elections but as the article was written by a European from Holland their elections are not due until 2014.

     

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  33.  
    icon
    btrussell (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 1:33pm

    Re:

    Cops use them to solve crimes.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  34.  
    icon
    Narcissus (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 1:53pm

    Re: Re: Re: Envious much

    Thanks, I feel much better now.

     

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  35.  
    icon
    Marcel de Jong (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 2:39pm

    Re:

    Chocolate? That's Belgium, you prick.

    We are the cheese-making, pot-smoking, windmilling, wooden shoe wearing tulip farmers.

    btw, nice smear campaign there, who's paying you?

     

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  36.  
    identicon
    Insighter, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 2:42pm

    Idle talk

    As much as I appreciate Mme Kroes' insight. She can talk a lot about copyright without ever being able to do anything. The whole patents and copyright portfolio is in the hands of her colleague Michel Barnier who has very different views on that subject (he even appointed a former music industry lobbyist as head of the copyright unit - guess why!)

     

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  37.  
    icon
    Marcel de Jong (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 2:42pm

    Re: Re:

    Just to name a number of stereotypes, which are mostly false anyway, we have the lowest percentage of drug addicts compared to the US. And I HATE cheese and tulips.

     

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  38.  
    icon
    Marcel de Jong (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 2:45pm

    Re: Re:

    And we can't even vote for Neelie Kroes.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  39.  
    icon
    Marcel de Jong (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 2:47pm

    Re: Re:

    He's just a scared little boy, willing to fling his own poo at anyone who approaches him.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  40.  
    icon
    Marcel de Jong (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 2:49pm

    Re: Re:

    Black book.

     

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  41.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 3:01pm

    Re: Re: Envious much

    "her country's entire economy revolves around chocolate, bulbs and wooden shoes"

    I'll speak up for my country because you seem stunningly ignorant about us.

    I'll have you know The Netherlands has a very nicely stable economy that is still showing some (small) growth, even in these difficult times. I'm going to go out on a limb here and assume you're American. How high was your unemployment again? 9% and going up? In NL it's lower than 5%, we have a reasonably balanced state budget plus we have very good universal health care and unemployment benefits etc. Additionally you might want to check the Dutch stock exchange because you might recognise some names there.

    So, please fix your own FFing country before dissing us because if anything is depressing our economy it's the mess YOU made. /Rant

    On an interesting note: Kroes is actually considered quite right wing in the Dutch politacl spectrum ;-)



    Yeah, yeah, yeah. Go surrender to Germany or something.

     

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  42.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 3:13pm

    Re: Re:

    Chocolate? That's Belgium, you prick.

    We are the cheese-making, pot-smoking, windmilling, wooden shoe wearing tulip farmers.

    btw, nice smear campaign there, who's paying you?


    Belgium..... Holland... pretty much the same thing. Insanely dull socialist states. Were it not for legal drugs and prostitution in Holland, it would enjoy the level of international recognition as Vanuatu.

     

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  43.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 3:56pm

    Re: Re: Re:

    Wow. That's offensive to both Belgians AND the Dutch alike. You must be American.

    (See what I did there?)

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  44.  
    identicon
    Chris, Nov 21st, 2011 @ 5:54pm

    lots of dutch music gets pirated

    Anyone who knows dance music will have heard of Tiesto. He's dutch and I would image that his music gets pirated enough to raise the dutch figure above .0000000001% - after all he is considered the worlds top Trance music DJ

     

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  45.  
    icon
    G Thompson (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 9:57pm

    Re: Re: Re:

    Eloquent? Me?

    Damn... their goes my whole troll reputation... *grumbles*

    :)

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  46.  
    icon
    G Thompson (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 10:09pm

    Re: Re: Re:

    What percentage of the human population actually resides in the USA?

    Oh yes of course.. 4.48% (US census data divided by 7 billion).

    And of that only 0.4% is part of the Film/Television/Music Industry making a total (lets be generous) of 0.018% of the worlds actual output/value.

    So Seeing as how the actual Industry you are trying to protect is really only a small subset of the actual FTM Industry (producing/recording sector) then well yes of course your protection you seek under these new laws and mindsets is ethically and morally just..

    For an egotistical power hungry control freak who is in the last stages of it's death throws that is

     

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  47.  
    icon
    G Thompson (profile), Nov 21st, 2011 @ 10:14pm

    Re:

    Misogynistic much?


    and explain why believing in astrology & clairvoyancy is any different to any other faith/religion that either believes in some Invisible Space Zombie, or Flying Spagetti Monster.

     

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  48.  
    icon
    Frost (profile), Nov 22nd, 2011 @ 12:42am

    Truth, and a glimmer of the big truth.

    Certainly sounds hopeful, but while this is true as far as it goes, it doesn't delve nearly deeply enough into the underlying problem, specifically that we're using a system that is inherently non-functional. It is only through massive corrective input in the form of laws, bans, patents and copyrights we can make the money-based society we run limp along in pathetic fashion, and even then we have a billion people starving. To be sure some of that is also because we are nuts - we spend the equivalent money required to feed the world on the militaries of the world every 8 days, but it all goes back to the money approach coupled with national boundaries, which leads to a need to literally kill each other over resources.

    This shit's got to go, in the words of Jacque Fresco.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  49.  
    icon
    Butcherer79 (profile), Nov 22nd, 2011 @ 12:51am

    Re: Re: Re:

    "Were it not for legal drugs and prostitution in Holland, it would enjoy the level of international recognition as Vanuatu."


    Doesn't that suggest they may have got something right?

    Holland is insanely dull? I take it you don't travel much?

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  50.  
    icon
    Butcherer79 (profile), Nov 22nd, 2011 @ 12:53am

    Re: Re:

    Pastafarians have a great outlook on life, especially the bit where the pirate population (or lack of it) is directly linked to global warming.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  51.  
    icon
    mike allen (profile), Nov 22nd, 2011 @ 2:38am

    Re: Re: Re: Re:

    He is American you can tell by lack of geographical knowladge.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  52.  
    icon
    The Groove Tiger (profile), Nov 23rd, 2011 @ 6:08am

    Re: Re: Re: Re:

    He hasn't been to Club Vandersexxx... or he forgot the safe word.

     

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  53.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 23rd, 2011 @ 10:22am

    Re: Re: Re: Re:

    *throes* derp

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]

  54.  
    identicon
    Anonymous Coward, Nov 24th, 2011 @ 3:11am

    "Sadly, many see the current system as a tool to punish and withhold, not a tool to recognise and reward."

    These laws should not be to 'recognize and reward' they should be to promote the progress and serve a public good. They've turned into something else and I say we abolish them. ABOLISH IP!!!!!!

     

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  55.  
    icon
    nasch (profile), Nov 25th, 2011 @ 10:31am

    Re:

    Of course she is anti-copyright

    Are you an idiot or a troll? Anti-copyright?

    "...some intellectual property protection is good...We need to keep on fighting against piracy...We need to go back to basics and put the artist at the centre, not only of copyright law, but of our whole policy on culture and growth...[Copyright] is certainly important..."

    And that was just from Techdirt's quotes, there may be more in her full text.

     

    reply to this | link to this | view in thread ]


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